Their topics include the young John Wilkins and the debate over Copernicanism
, Wilkins in Cambridge, taking the Moon seriously: his Discovery of a World in the Moone (1638) and Discourse Concerning a New World and Another Planet (1640), Wilkins and the gardens of Wadham College, and chymical teaching in early modern Oxford: from Wilkins to Whiteside.
What he demonstrates is that Riccioli, though certainly listing religious arguments against Copernicanism
, brushes them off and foregrounds instead scientific/observational reasons for thinking Copernicus's model is incredible.
Burned at the stake for heretical beliefs (though not, as often stated, for his belief in other worlds), Bruno did not live to see the triumph of Copernicanism
during the 17th century.
Even apart from his role as midwife in the birth of Copernicanism
, Rheticus's personal life-path is intriguing for its ups and downs as well as its frequent location changes.
But here Riccioli, a Jesuit priest, was treading on politically risky ground--just 18 years after Galileo had been forced to denounce Copernicanism
and was dealt a life sentence of house arrest.
Researchers have sought evidence for Galileo's Copernicanism
in this period, but in truth there is almost none.
Science attempts to build knowledge cumulatively by drawing new understandings out of earlier, disproven understandings; the familiar example of a disproven Copernicanism
illustrates this aspect of scientific inquiry.
These discoveries substantially strengthened the case for Copernicanism
Of course there really were tensions and persecutions by the Inquisition with respect to the difficult ideas of Copernicanism
, but to look for the fathers of a new philosophy that broke with all of ancient and medieval tradition in the 17th century is a task that is doomed to fail.
Danielson, "That Copernicanism
Demoted Humans from the Centre of the Cosmos," in Galileo Goes to Jail and Other Myths about Science and Religion, ed.
was not widely received at the time, so Delmedigo was a Jew on the cutting edge of science.
highlights very well the ways early 17th-century resistance to Copernicanism
or to a heliocentric understanding of the universe was grounded above all in veneration of some ancient texts viewed as authoritative if not altogether definitive.