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 (kôrn-wŏl′ĭs, -wô′lĭs), Charles First Marquis Cornwallis. 1738-1805.
British military leader who commanded forces in the Carolinas and Virginia during the American Revolution. His surrender at Yorktown in 1781 signaled the eventual defeat of Britain.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Biography) Charles, 1st Marquis Cornwallis. 1738–1805, British general in the War of American Independence: commanded forces defeated at Yorktown (1781): defeated Tipu Sahib (1791): governor general of Bengal (1786–93, 1805): negotiated the Treaty of Amiens (1801)
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(kɔrnˈwɔ lɪs, -ˈwɒl ɪs)

Charles, 1st Marquis, 1738–1805, British general and statesman.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Noun1.Cornwallis - commander of the British forces in the American War of IndependenceCornwallis - commander of the British forces in the American War of Independence; was defeated by American and French troops at Yorktown (1738-1805)
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References in classic literature ?
The panorama passed before their eyes like a flash, save when the steam concealed it fitfully from the view; the travellers could scarcely discern the fort of Chupenie, twenty miles south-westward from Benares, the ancient stronghold of the rajahs of Behar; or Ghazipur and its famous rose-water factories; or the tomb of Lord Cornwallis, rising on the left bank of the Ganges; the fortified town of Buxar, or Patna, a large manufacturing and trading-place, where is held the principal opium market of India; or Monghir, a more than European town, for it is as English as Manchester or Birmingham, with its iron foundries, edgetool factories, and high chimneys puffing clouds of black smoke heavenward.
To comply with this request of holding a few as hostages for the surrender of the whole body, was deemed inconsistent with his instructions; but, as there could be no objection to allow a small number of them to return to their homes, permission was given to them to choose ten for the District of Minas (Horton) and ten for the District of Canard (Cornwallis) to whom leave of absence was given for one day, and on whose return a similar number were indulged in the same manner.
Henry van der Luyden had been Louisa Dagonet, and her mother had been the granddaughter of Colonel du Lac, of an old Channel Island family, who had fought under Cornwallis and had settled in Maryland, after the war, with his bride, Lady Angelica Trevenna, fifth daughter of the Earl of St.
Whenever the town rejoiced for a battle won by Washington, or Gates, or Morgan or Greene, the news, in passing through the door of the Province House, as through the ivory gate of dreams, became metamorphosed into a strange tale of the prowess of Howe, Clinton, or Cornwallis. Sooner or later it was her invincible belief the colonies would be prostrate at the footstool of the King.
“The French are good soldiers,” said Captain Hollis ter; “they stood us in hand a good turn at Yorktown; nor do I think, although I am an ignorant man about the great movements of the army, that his excellency would have been able to march against Cornwallis without their reinforcements.”
A pair of 200-year-old cannons dug up from Fort Cornwallis here will be returned to the outpost for public display now that they are fully restored.
Carpenter (Professor of Strategy and Policy and Naval War College Command Historian at the Naval War College, Newport, Rhode Island) makes plain in "Southern Gambit: Cornwallis and the British March to Yorktown" is not the way the British, under Lieutenant General Charles, Earl Cornwallis, went about it in the American South in the years 1778-81.
The successful three-week siege of Yorktown, Virginia, in the fall of 1781 effectively won the war for Washington and humbled his tenacious adversary Lord Cornwallis.
A man reportedly shot at the vehicle on St James Street, near to the junction with Cornwallis Street, at shortly before 2.30am on Sunday.
If there is such a thing as a British tradition, this humiliation will rank alongside Cornwallis at Yorktown and Percival at Singapore.
Losing America, Conquering India: Lord Cornwallis and the Remaking of the British Empire