coenzyme

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Related to Cosubstrate: cofactor

co·en·zyme

 (kō-ĕn′zīm′)
n.
An organic substance that reversibly combines with a specific protein, the apoenzyme, and with a substrate to form an active enzyme system.

co′en·zy·mat′ic (-zə-măt′ĭk) adj.
co·en′zy·mat′i·cal·ly adv.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

coenzyme

(kəʊˈɛnzaɪm)
n
(Biochemistry) biochem a nonprotein organic molecule that forms a complex with certain enzymes and is essential for their activity. See also apoenzyme
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

co•en•zyme

(koʊˈɛn zaɪm)

n.
a molecule that provides the transfer site for biochemical reactions catalyzed by an enzyme.
[1905–10; < German Ko-enzym; see co-, enzyme]
co•en`zy•mat′ic (-zaɪˈmæt ɪk, -zɪ-) adj.
co•en`zy•mat′i•cal•ly, adv.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

coenzyme

A nonprotein compound that activates an enzyme to speed up a biochemical reaction.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.coenzyme - a small molecule (not a protein but sometimes a vitamin) essential for the activity of some enzymes
molecule - (physics and chemistry) the simplest structural unit of an element or compound
cocarboxylase, thiamine pyrophosphate - a coenzyme important in respiration in the Krebs cycle
coenzyme A - a coenzyme present in all living cells; essential to metabolism of carbohydrates and fats and some amino acids
NAD, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide - a coenzyme present in most living cells and derived from the B vitamin nicotinic acid; serves as a reductant in various metabolic processes
NADP, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate - a coenzyme similar to NAD and present in most living cells but serves as a reductant in different metabolic processes
triphosphopyridine nucleotide - a coenzyme of several enzymes
coenzyme Q, ubiquinone - any of several quinones found in living cells and that function as coenzymes that transfer electrons from one molecule to another in cell respiration
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
coenzyme

co·en·zyme

n. coenzima, sustancia que activa la acción de una enzima.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

coenzyme

n coenzima m&f; — Q coenzima Q; [Note: the RAE lists coenzima as feminine, but as with enzima, masculine usage is common, particularly in Spain.]
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
[30] have shown that inclusion of waste milk as a cosubstrate during biohydrogen production from cow manure could improve hydrogen production that is readily turned into methane, the final product of anaerobic digestion process.
The modification of UASB reactor, sequential use of UASB reactor with activated sludge/sequencing batch reactor/septic tank, flash aeration, two-stage UASB reactor/anaerobic filter/hybrid reactor, use of cosubstrate, posttreatment of UASB reactor for pathogen removal and reuse options, kinetics reactions and transfer of mass in anaerobic granular sludge, generation of high methane content, sludge profiling of UASB reactor at various OLRs, modeling for anaerobic granulation, and hydraulics and performance evaluation have been some of active research areas in this field.
CAT reduces H2O2 into water and O2, whereas POD decomposes H2O2 by oxidation of cosubstrate such as phenolic compounds [15].
Nelson, "Acetaminophen as a cosubstrate and inhibitor of prostaglandin H synthase," Advances in experimental medicine and biology, vol.
[Mg.sup.2+], [Mn.sup.2+], and [Zn.sup.2+] interact with guanosine as a cosubstrate and change the parameters of the catalytic reaction in the first step of splicing [24].
Based on transport mode, MFS transporters are divided into three main groups: uniporters which transport a single substrate; symporters which transport a substrate in association with a coupling ion; and antiporters which transport a substrate and a cosubstrate in opposite directions [3].
Moreover, some MRPs need GSH as cosubstrate for their effectiveness, so MeHg may also undergo efflux to systemic blood circulation.
In contrast, under hypoxia, prolyl hydroxylases lack oxygen as a crucial cosubstrate and are reduced in their enzymatic activity.
It is a direct scavenger of free radicals as well as a cosubstrate for peroxide detoxification by glutathione peroxidases.
Vitamin C also acts as a cosubstrate for some hydroxylase and oxygenase enzymes maintaining their active center metal ions in a reduced state for optimal enzyme activity (Carr and Frei 1999).
Biodegradation of phenol with wastewater as a cosubstrate in upflow anaerobic sludge blanket, Journal of Environmental Engineering 132(11): 1539-1542.
GBL was added stepwise as cosubstrate after the end of the exponential growth phase (after 58 hours of cultivation; see Materials and Methods) to reach approximately 5% 4-HB in the polymer; finally, a terpolyester poly-[(R)-3HB-co-10%-(R)-3HV-co-5%-4HB) was obtained.