coenzyme

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Related to Cosubstrate: cofactor

co·en·zyme

 (kō-ĕn′zīm′)
n.
An organic substance that reversibly combines with a specific protein, the apoenzyme, and with a substrate to form an active enzyme system.

co′en·zy·mat′ic (-zə-măt′ĭk) adj.
co·en′zy·mat′i·cal·ly adv.

coenzyme

(kəʊˈɛnzaɪm)
n
(Biochemistry) biochem a nonprotein organic molecule that forms a complex with certain enzymes and is essential for their activity. See also apoenzyme

co•en•zyme

(koʊˈɛn zaɪm)

n.
a molecule that provides the transfer site for biochemical reactions catalyzed by an enzyme.
[1905–10; < German Ko-enzym; see co-, enzyme]
co•en`zy•mat′ic (-zaɪˈmæt ɪk, -zɪ-) adj.
co•en`zy•mat′i•cal•ly, adv.

coenzyme

A nonprotein compound that activates an enzyme to speed up a biochemical reaction.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.coenzyme - a small molecule (not a protein but sometimes a vitamin) essential for the activity of some enzymes
molecule - (physics and chemistry) the simplest structural unit of an element or compound
cocarboxylase, thiamine pyrophosphate - a coenzyme important in respiration in the Krebs cycle
coenzyme A - a coenzyme present in all living cells; essential to metabolism of carbohydrates and fats and some amino acids
NAD, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide - a coenzyme present in most living cells and derived from the B vitamin nicotinic acid; serves as a reductant in various metabolic processes
NADP, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate - a coenzyme similar to NAD and present in most living cells but serves as a reductant in different metabolic processes
triphosphopyridine nucleotide - a coenzyme of several enzymes
coenzyme Q, ubiquinone - any of several quinones found in living cells and that function as coenzymes that transfer electrons from one molecule to another in cell respiration
Translations
coenzyme

co·en·zyme

n. coenzima, sustancia que activa la acción de una enzima.

coenzyme

n coenzima m&f; — Q coenzima Q; [Note: the RAE lists coenzima as feminine, but as with enzima, masculine usage is common, particularly in Spain.]
References in periodicals archive ?
Hence, a simple and abundant cosubstrate will be used instead of the valuable cosubstrates mentioned above.
Biodegradation of phenol with wastewater as a cosubstrate in upflow anaerobic sludge blanket, Journal of Environmental Engineering 132(11): 1539-1542.
However, the 3HV fraction in the copolymer has been relatively low because the propionic acid, a cosubstrate for the 3HV units, can also be assimilated for cell growth of R.