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Related to Coumarins: Tannins, Flavonoids


A fragrant crystalline compound, C9H6O2, present in tonka beans and produced synthetically for use as a fragrance. Coumarin has been banned as a food additive in the United States because it can be toxic in large amounts.

[French coumarine, from coumarou, tonka bean tree, from Spanish coumarú, from Portuguese cumaru, from Tupí cumarú, commaru.]

cou′ma·ric (-mər-ĭk) adj.


(ˈkuːmərɪn) or


(Elements & Compounds) a white vanilla-scented crystalline ester, used in perfumes and flavourings and as an anticoagulant. Formula: C9H6O2
[C19: from French coumarine, from coumarou tonka-bean tree, from Spanish cumarú, from Tupi]
ˈcoumaric, ˈcumaric, coumarilic adj


(ˈku mə rɪn)

a fragrant crystalline compound, C9H6O2, used chiefly in soaps and perfumery.
[1820–30; < French coumarine=coumar(ou) tonka-bean tree (< Sp cumarú < Portuguese < Tupi cumaru) + -ine -in1]
References in periodicals archive ?
Coumarins are an important class of compounds of both natural and synthetic origin.
Coumarins as Potential Antioxidant Agents Complemented with Suggested Mechanisms and Approved by Molecular Modeling Studies.
Summary: 3-Thiazolyl coumarins 1-33 along with coumarin scaffold (IC50 = 5.
Exotic as they may sound, here they are: anthocyanins allyl sulfur compounds, carotenoids, catechins, coumarins, glucosinolates, isoflavones, isoflavonoids, lignans, limonoid, phenolic acids, phytosterols, tocopherols and tocotrienols.
Phenolic compounds from medicinal herbs and dietary plants include phenolic acids, flavonoids, tannins, stilbenes, curcuminoids, coumarins, lignans and quinones, as well as rutin and epicatechin.
gov/pubmed/22469077) study &nbsp;found figs are an excellent source of bioactive compounds, such as phenolics, coumarins, and fatty acids, which can prove potentially useful in treating non-melanoma skin cancers.
The herb contains tannins, coumarins, flavanoids and phytosterols as well as vitamins B and K, which makes it diuretic, hepatic, astringent, haemostatic, vulnery and cholaguogic.
Bioassay-guided isolation of sesquiterpene coumarins from Ferula narthex Bioss: a new anticancer agent.
Therefore, natural antioxidants such as phenolic, flavonoids, tannins, xanthons, coumarins, curcumanoids and terpenoids should be used (Jeong et al.
Method: A sensitive and specific liquid chromatographic-tandem mass (LC-MS/MS) spectrometric method was established to investigate pharmacokinetics of sixteen coumarins of Angelicae dahuricae Radix (ADR) in rat plasma, including xanthotoxol (1), oxypeucedanin hydrate (2), 5-hydroxy-8-methoxypsoralen (3), (-)-marmesin (4), byakangelicin (5), columbianetin (6), psoralen (7), xanthotoxin (8), neobyakangelicol (9), isoimpinellin (10), bergapten (11), heraclenin (12), oxypeucedanin ethanolate (13), imperatorin (14), phellopterin (15), isoimperatorin (16).
Preliminary phytochemical screening detected presence of phenols, anthraquinones, tannins, saponins and coumarins as constituents of the crude leaf extract of R.
Phytochemical analysis of column fractions of Solanum incanum Phytochemical Inference of Column Fractions of Solanum test incanum 1-20(A) 21-35(B) 39-49(C) 50-69(D) Carbohydrates - - + - Tannins test - + + - Saponin test + - - - Alkaloid test + + - + Quinones - - - - Glycosides test - - - - Cardiac glycosides test - - - - Flavonoids - + - Terpenoids test - + - - Triterpenoids - - - - Phenols - - - - Coumarins - + + - Phytochemical Inference of Column Fractions of test Solanum incanum 70-94(E) 95-120(F) 121-135(G) Carbohydrates - + + Tannins test + - - Saponin test - - - Alkaloid test + - - Quinones - - - Glycosides test - - - Cardiac glycosides test - + - Flavonoids + - - Terpenoids test + - - Triterpenoids - - - Phenols - + - Coumarins + - - Table 3.