ecumenical council(redirected from Councils, General)
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(Roman Catholic Church) an assembly of bishops and other ecclesiastics representative of the Christian Church throughout the world. Roman Catholic canon law states that an ecumenical council must be convened by the pope
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|Noun||1.||ecumenical council - (early Christian church) one of seven gatherings of bishops from around the known world under the presidency of the Pope to regulate matters of faith and morals and discipline; "the first seven councils through 787 are considered to be ecumenical councils by both the Roman Catholic church and the Eastern Orthodox church but the next fourteen councils are considered ecumenical only by the Roman Catholic church"|
council - (Christianity) an assembly of theologians and bishops and other representatives of different churches or dioceses that is convened to regulate matters of discipline or doctrine
First Council of Nicaea, Nicaea - the first ecumenical council in 325 which produced the wording of the Nicene Creed and condemned the heresy of Arianism
First Council of Constantinople, Constantinople - the second ecumenical council in 381 which added wording about the Holy Spirit to the Nicene Creed
Council of Ephesus, Ephesus - the third ecumenical council in 431 which declared Mary as mother of God and condemned Pelagius
Council of Chalcedon, Chalcedon - the fourth ecumenical council in 451 which defined the two natures (human and divine) of Christ
Second Council of Constantinople, Constantinople - the fifth ecumenical council in 553 which held Origen's writings to be heretic
Third Council of Constantinople, Constantinople - the sixth ecumenical council in 680-681 which condemned Monothelitism by defining two wills in Christ, divine and human
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