Lateran Council

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Lat·er·an Council

Any of a series of Roman Catholic ecclesiastical councils held at the Lateran Palace in Rome between the 7th and the 18th century, five of which (in 1123, 1139, 1179, 1215, and 1512-1517) were ecumenical. The fourth of these ecumenical councils, often considered the most important, produced the doctrine of transubstantiation.
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Noun1.Lateran Council - any of five general councils of the Western Catholic Church that were held in the Lateran Palace
council - (Christianity) an assembly of theologians and bishops and other representatives of different churches or dioceses that is convened to regulate matters of discipline or doctrine
First Lateran Council - the first council of the Western Church held in the Lateran Palace in 1123; focused on church discipline and made plans to recover the Holy Lands from the Muslim `infidels'
Second Lateran Council - the second council of the Western Church in 1139 which put an end to the dogmatic errors of Arnold of Brescia
Third Lateran Council - the Lateran Council in 1179 that condemned the heresies of the Albigenses and the Waldenses
Fourth Lateran Council - the Lateran Council in 1215 was the most important council of the Middle Ages; issued a creed against Albigensianism, published reformatory decrees, promulgated the doctrine of transubstantiation, and clarified church doctrine on the Trinity and Incarnation
Fifth Lateran Council - the council in 1512-1517 that published disciplinary decrees and planned (but did not carry out) a crusade against Turkey