Counter Reformation

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Counter Reformation

A reform movement within the Roman Catholic Church that arose in 16th-century Europe in response to the Protestant Reformation.

Coun′ter Reforma′tion

the movement for reform within the Roman Catholic Church that followed the Protestant Reformation of the 16th century.


(ˈkaʊn tərˌrɛf ərˈmeɪ ʃən)

a reformation opposed to or counteracting a previous reformation.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Counter Reformation - the reaction of the Roman Catholic Church to the Reformation reaffirming the veneration of saints and the authority of the Pope (to which Protestants objected); many leaders were Jesuits
religious movement - a movement intended to bring about religious reforms
References in periodicals archive ?
Jacob's Antwerp Art and Counter Reformation in Rubens's Parish Church
In their introduction, the editors question the traditional dichotomy between a failed Reformation assumed to have characterized the first half of the century and a repressive Counter Reformation marking the second half.
Bridget Heal's work is a thorough case study of Reformation and Counter Reformation Marian piety in three representative cities: Nuremberg, Augsburg, and Cologne.
In 1563, Protestant martyrologist John Foxe published his Acts and Monuments chronicling the suffering of the victims of persecution during the Marian Counter Reformation.
He looks at the movement called the Counter Reformation, Calvinism and how it played out in the various countries that embraced it, persecutions (including the Inquisition, the burning of witches, and the martyrdom of dissidents from both the Catholic and Lutheran churches), the Enlightenment, the Church of England, Lutheranism in Scandinavia, Methodism, church design, sermon style, music, art, and architecture, the effect of the printing press, biblical translations, Anabaptism, pietism, and more.
Inspired by Counter Reformation zeal, the establishment of the Guarani Missions in the early 1600s was one of the most noteworthy efforts of the Jesuits in the New World.
As with so much in the Reformation and the Catholic movement known as the Counter Reformation, this dogmatism led to a more moderate reaction.
In this respect, the Counter Reformation in Milan in the later sixteenth century was dominated by the ideas and teachings of Cardinal Carlo Borromeo (see Lewis Lockwood, The Counter-Reformation and the Masses of Vincenzo Ruffo [1970]).
The heart of this book is to demonstrate that Catholics, even in the age of the Counter Reformation, have "maintained traditions of belief and behavior not through single-minded intransigence but by embracing flexibility and change" (4).
In the tyrant king's downfall, for instance, audiences recognized the rejection of Machiavelli's amoralism and an emerging political philosophy more consonant with the prevailing values of the Counter Reformation.
The tradition died (at least overtly) in the rationalism of the eighteenth century, when the fire of the Counter Reformation that had set the Baroque ablaze had been reduced to embers.