cowpox

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Related to Cowpox virus: smallpox virus, Monkeypox virus, vaccinia virus

cow·pox

 (kou′pŏks′)
n.
A mild contagious skin disease of cattle, usually affecting the udder, that is caused by a virus and characterized by the eruption of a pustular rash. When the virus is transmitted to humans, as by vaccination, it can confer immunity to smallpox. Also called vaccinia.

cowpox

(ˈkaʊˌpɒks)
n
(Veterinary Science) a contagious viral disease of cows characterized by vesicles on the skin, esp on the teats and udder. Inoculation of humans with this virus provides temporary immunity to smallpox. It can be transmitted to other species, esp cats

cow•pox

(ˈkaʊˌpɒks)

n.
a mild disease of cattle, now rare, characterized by a pustular rash on the teats and udder, caused by a poxvirus that was formerly used for smallpox vaccinations.
[1790–1800]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cowpox - a viral disease of cattle causing a mild skin disease affecting the udder; formerly used to inoculate humans against smallpox
pox - a contagious disease characterized by purulent skin eruptions that may leave pock marks
animal disease - a disease that typically does not affect human beings
Translations

cowpox

[ˈkaʊpɒks] Nvacuna f

cowpox

[ˈkaʊˌpɒks] nvaiolo bovino
References in periodicals archive ?
VACV, cowpox virus, and monkey-pox virus are OPVs of concern because of pathogenicity in humans, possible adverse effects in vulnerable populations, potential spread and introduction in other areas, and public health burden (2).
The Orthopoxvirus genus also includes variola virus (the cause of smallpox), vaccinia virus (used in the smallpox vaccine), and cowpox virus."
In the late 1700s and early 1800s, British physician Benjamin Jesty was using cowpox virus to vaccinate people instead of the actual smallpox virus.
The book then follows the journey of a French medical doctor Jean Marie Despiau who was dispatched by the Nguyen royal court to Macao in 1820 to procure and preserve smallpox vaccine which used the less dangerous cowpox virus for the vaccination of the royal children (chapter 2).
Vaccine comes from the Latin for cow, vacca, as Dr Edward Jenner is famously said to have used the cowpox virus to inoculate an eight-year-old boy, his gardener's son, against deadly smallpox in one of the most ethically dubious, but successful, experiments in history.
Starting today, 36 experts from 22 countries across Europe will be trained at the International Atomic Energy Agencys laboratories on how to quickly detect lumpy skin disease a highly infectious cowpox virus that is spreading through herds on the continent.
Although these data indicate the presence of risk, it is difficult to quantify the absolute number of persons at risk for occupational exposure to orthopoxviruses because the size of the population at risk is not known and vaccinia virus and cowpox virus exposures and infections among this population are not notifiable events.
Edward Jenner used the cowpox virus to shield us from smallpox.
When Edward Jenner first published his finding in 1798 that the immunization of individuals with cowpox virus would produce mild disease and render full protection from smallpox, rumors emerged that people would develop horns like cows from the inoculation.
Cowpox virus has been shown to transmit from pet rats to humans (Campe et al., 2009).
The new study employs a partially disabled cowpox virus dubbed JX-594 that does not produce full-blown symptoms of the skin disease.
Viral inhibition of inflammation: cowpox virus encodes an inhibitor of the interleukin-1 beta converting enzyme.