petroleum

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Related to Cracking of petroleum: Petroleum coke, Petroleum Refining

pe·tro·le·um

 (pə-trō′lē-əm)
n.
A thick, flammable, yellow-to-black mixture of gaseous, liquid, and solid hydrocarbons that occurs naturally beneath the earth's surface, can be separated into fractions including natural gas, gasoline, naphtha, kerosene, fuel and lubricating oils, paraffin wax, and asphalt and is used as raw material for a wide variety of derivative products.

[Middle English, from Medieval Latin petrōleum : Latin petra, rock; see petrous + Latin ōleum, oil; see oil.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

petroleum

(pəˈtrəʊlɪəm)
n
(Elements & Compounds) a dark-coloured thick flammable crude oil occurring in sedimentary rocks around the Persian Gulf, in parts of North and South America, and below the North Sea, consisting mainly of hydrocarbons. Fractional distillation separates the crude oil into petrol, paraffin, diesel oil, lubricating oil, etc. Fuel oil, paraffin wax, asphalt, and carbon black are extracted from the residue
[C16: from Medieval Latin, from Latin petra stone + oleum oil]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

pe•tro•le•um

(pəˈtroʊ li əm)

n.
an oily, thick, flammable, usu. dark-colored liquid that is a form of bitumen or a mixture of various hydrocarbons, occurring naturally and commonly obtained by drilling: used as fuel, or separated by distillation into gasoline, naphtha, benzene, kerosene, paraffin, etc.
[1520–30; < Medieval Latin: literally, rock oil = Latin petr(a) rock (< Greek pétra) + oleum oil]
pe•tro′le•ous, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

pe·tro·le·um

(pə-trō′lē-əm)
A thick, black to yellow, flammable liquid mixture of hydrocarbons. Petroleum occurs naturally, mainly below the Earth's surface, and is believed to originate from the accumulated remains of ancient plants and animals. It is the source of petrochemicals and is used to make gasoline, lubricating oils, plastics, and many other products.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

petroleum

Mineral oil composed of hydrocarbons formed in the Earth’s crust.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.petroleum - a dark oil consisting mainly of hydrocarbonspetroleum - a dark oil consisting mainly of hydrocarbons
atomic number 6, carbon, C - an abundant nonmetallic tetravalent element occurring in three allotropic forms: amorphous carbon and graphite and diamond; occurs in all organic compounds
fossil fuel - fuel consisting of the remains of organisms preserved in rocks in the earth's crust with high carbon and hydrogen content
oil - a slippery or viscous liquid or liquefiable substance not miscible with water
resid, residual oil - oil products that remain after petroleum has been distilled
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
نفطنَفْط، بِتْرول
petroli
ropanafta
råolie
maaöljyraakaöljy
nafta
kõolaj
jarî-/hráolía
petroleum
nafta
ropa
nafta
petroleum

petroleum

[pɪˈtrəʊlɪəm]
A. Npetróleo m
B. CPD petroleum jelly Nvaselina f
petroleum products NPLderivados mpl del petróleo
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

petroleum

[pəˈtrəʊliəm] npétrole mpetroleum jelly nVaseline® fpetrol gauge n [car] → jauge f d'essence
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

petroleum

nPetroleum nt

petroleum

:
petroleum ether
nPetroläther m
petroleum jelly
nVaselin nt, → Vaseline f
petroleum refinery
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

petroleum

[pɪˈtrəʊlɪəm] npetrolio
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

petrol

(ˈpetrəl) noun
(American gas or gasoline) a liquid got from petroleum, used as fuel for motor cars etc. I'll stop at the next garage and buy more petrol; (also adjective) a petrol engine.
petroleum (pəˈtrəuliəm) noun
oil in its raw, unrefined form, which is found in natural wells below the earth's surface and from which petrol, paraffin etc are obtained.
petroleum jelly
a soft substance got from petroleum, used eg in ointments.
petrol pump (American gasoline pump)
an apparatus at a petrol station which pumps petrol into cars etc, and which measures the amount of petrol it pumps.
petrol station (especially American filling stationor informally gas station)
a garage where petrol is sold.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.

petroleum

n petróleo; — jelly vaselina, petrolato
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Summary: New Delhi [India], July 16 (ANI): The Petroleum Ministry on Monday told the Supreme Court that it is in favour of a ban on the import of petroleum coke, a solid non-volatile carbon residue left after the distillation and cracking of petroleum.
Olefins and aromatics are produced in oil refineries by fluid catalytic cracking of petroleum fractions.