vagus nerve

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vagus nerve

n.
Either of the tenth and longest of the cranial nerves, passing through the neck and thorax into the abdomen and supplying sensation to part of the ear, the tongue, the larynx, and the pharynx, motor impulses to the vocal cords, and motor and secretory impulses to the abdominal and thoracic viscera. Also called pneumogastric nerve.

[New Latin (nervus) vagus, wandering (nerve), from Latin.]

va·gus nerve

(vā′gəs)
A long nerve that passes from the brain to the face, trunk, and abdomen. It controls the muscles of the larynx (voice box), stimulates digestion, and regulates the heartbeat. The vagus nerve is a cranial nerve.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.vagus nerve - a mixed nerve that supplies the pharynx and larynx and lungs and heart and esophagus and stomach and most of the abdominal visceravagus nerve - a mixed nerve that supplies the pharynx and larynx and lungs and heart and esophagus and stomach and most of the abdominal viscera
cranial nerve - any of the 12 paired nerves that originate in the brain stem
Translations
Vagusnerv
References in periodicals archive ?
The vagus nerve (aka Cranial Nerve X or, more poetically, the Wandering Nerve) plays a crucial role in all of these essential functions, linking brain and organs in what's called the nervous system's superhighway.
The case presented here is that of a 47-year-old man who had a 5-month history of hoarseness and aspiration, corresponding to a deficit of a branch of cranial nerve X.
The branch that connects the VIIth cranial nerve with the lesser petrosal nerve (from cranial nerve IX) apparently carries small myelinated fibers that contain interspersed autonomic fibers from the auricular branch of cranial nerve X.