Likewise, conditions affecting the hypothalamus such as granulomatous disorders, gliomas, craniopharyngiomas
, metastases, trauma, and cranial irradiation may also cause prolactin elevation.
Leah was diagnosed with a craniopharyngiomas
brain tumour which is attached to the to the hypothalamus and pituitary gland.
Tumors, such as pineal parenchymal tumors, craniopharyngiomas
, and hemangioblastomas, as well as ependymomas of the spinal cord, often incite reactive gliosis and Rosenthal fiber formation in the adjacent neuropil, sometimes leading to the misrecognition of the tumor as PA.
Health status in longer-term survivors of pediatric craniopharyngiomas
. J Neurosci Nurs.
(7) Pituitary adenomas and craniopharyngiomas
normally produce an asymmetrical bitemporal hemianopia.
Edema-like change has so commonly been associated with craniopharyngiomas
that this finding has highly suggested a diagnosis of craniopharyngioma
Other lesions that involve the hypothalamus and third ventricular region include pituitary macroadenomas, craniopharyngiomas
, meningiomas, metastases, optic and hypothalamic pilocytic astrocytomas, Rathke cleft cysts, hamartomas of the tuber cinereum, chordoid glioma, and granulomatous diseases such as sarcoid, tuberculosis, and eosinophilic granuloma.
A variety of intracranial lesions including gliomas, metastases, craniopharyngiomas
, abscesses, parasitic cysts (such as cysticercosis), epidermoids and arachnoid cysts may appear as mainly cystic masses on magnetic resonance (MR) and computed tomography (CT) studies of the brain.
Adjuvant radiotherapy was given to all the patients with grade 3 and grade 4 astrocytomas, craniopharyngiomas
, oligodendroglioma, primitive neuroectodermal tumour, pineal tumour, medulloblastoma and haemangiopericytomas.
are rare benign epithelial tumors, arising from the pituitary stalk or gland and developing in the sellar and parasellar region of the central nervous system and constitute approximately 3% of all intracranial tumors [1, 2].
Most of these are craniopharyngiomas
(80-90%) and relatively few (3% of all intracranial neoplasms) are adenomas.