Cuthbert Grayne was perhaps more of a criminologist
than either a lawyer or a policeman, but in his more barbarous surroundings he had proved successful in turning himself into a practical combination of all three.
THE consulting-rooms of Dr Orion Hood, the eminent criminologist and specialist in certain moral disorders, lay along the sea-front at Scarborough, in a series of very large and well-lighted french windows, which showed the North Sea like one endless outer wall of blue-green marble.
Dr Hood paced the length of his string of apartments, bounded-- as the boys' geographies say--on the east by the North Sea and on the west by the serried ranks of his sociological and criminologist library.
In a few minutes all three were approaching the dreary tail of the MacNabs' street: the girl with the stern and breathless stride of the mountaineer, the criminologist with a lounging grace (which was not without a certain leopard-like swiftness), and the priest at an energetic trot entirely devoid of distinction.
almost universally understand why: Punishment-based deterrence simply doesn't work very well.
The American public looks to the Uniform Crime Reports for information on fluctuations in the level of crime, and criminologists
, sociologists, legislators, municipal planners, the media, and other students of criminal justice use the statistics for varied research and planning purposes.
Prison administrators and guards have witnessed the violence--or at least its results--for decades, the public and politicians are aware of it, criminologists
warn about it, and the prison shower rape has even been mainstreamed as a school-yard joke, yet the problem of prison violence persists.
In a few of the photographs, Nickerson employs the techniques of 19th-century pseudo-scientists and criminologists
who presented their subjects as "specimens" using frontal, profile and back shots.
and top police officials throughout the country agree that there is no empirical evidence to support that premise.
Its proponents boast, for example, that the homicide rate in Richmond fell 36 percent from 1997 to 1999 (the period when Project Exile was most aggressively enforced), yet "gun-related homicides and other violent crime dropped significantly all across the country during the same period, and criminologists
do not agree about the cause of that decline.
credit the strong economy, community policing and changes in youth population and drug distribution patterns for the recent drop in crime.
A NEW test to help police officers weed out false allegations of rape is being developed by criminologists