Moghadam et al., "The effect of Crocus sativus
(saffron) on the severity of premenstrual syndrome," European Journal of Integrative Medicine, vol.
Saffron, which is the red stigma of Crocus sativus
L., is widely cultivated in Iran, India, Pakistan, Greece, Italy, China, Japan, Azerbaijan, and so on .
Below are some reputable companies that ship Crocus sativus
. Crocus sativus
(Xi Hong Hua) commonly known as saffron is used in Chinese medicine as antidepressant, antispasmodic, and anticatarrhal.
Akhondzadeh, "Comparison of petal of Crocus sativus
Varieties of Crocus sativus
now are in their second year of field tests by University of Vermont scientists.
(6) Another review, published a few months earlier in July 2015, combined data from 12 earlier clinical trials "examining the effectiveness of saffron (Crocus sativus
L.) on psychological and behavioral outcomes." The conclusion: "Saffron may improve the symptoms and the effects of depression, premenstrual syndrome, sexual dysfunction and infertility, and excessive snacking behaviors." (7)
It's obtained from the dried stigmas of Crocus sativus
Saffron consists of the dried dark red or yellow "stigmas" of the crocus flower, Crocus sativus
. (9) In addition to its culinary uses, saffron has a long history as a potent component of traditional medical systems.
The flowers of saffron (Crocus sativus
L.), a plant from the family Iridaceae, possess red-orange tripartite stigmas.
L., commonly known as saffron, is used in folk medicine for various purposes such as an antispasmodic, nerve sedative, expectorant, eupeptic, anticatarrhal, carminative, diaphoteric, stomachic, aphrodisiac and emmenagogue (Schmidt et al., 2007).