Spotted Hyena's (Latin: Crocuta Crocuta
) have a reputation for being scavengers.
* Dendryphantes sp.1 * Dendryphantes sp.2 * Frigga crocuta
(Taczanowski, 1878) * Salticidae cf.
Common large carnivores include lion (Panthera leo), cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus), leopard (Panthera pardus), African wild dog (Lycaon pictus), and spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta
Returning to kills may be an artefact of limited exposure to kleptoparistism as a result of low densities of spotted hyaena Crocuta crocuta
Another factor contributing to the unprecedented levels of wildlife-induced costs could be the marked increase in populations of large herbivores and carnivores, particularly the African elephant (Loxodonta africana), spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta
), and lions (Panthera leo).
Hofer, "Noninvasive fecal monitoring of glucocorticoids in spotted hyenas, Crocuta crocuta
," General and Comparative Endocrinology, vol.
Feral dogs hunt in a similar fashion to African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus), or spotted hyaenas (Crocuta crocuta
Endocrine differentiation of fetal ovaries and testes of the spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta
): timing of androgen-independent versus androgen-driven genital development.
Canine distemper virus (CDV; family Paramyxoviridae, genus Morbillivirus) constitutes one such threat and has caused outbreaks in a diverse range of wild mammals: black-backed jackals (Canis mesomelas) (2); lions (Panthera leo) (3); spotted hyenas (Crocuta crocuta
) (4); fennecs (Vulpes zerda); rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) (5); and aquatic species, including Lake Baikal seals (Phoca sibirica) and Caspian seals (Phoca caspia) (6).
Reconciliation in the spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta
Thus, in the localities with Villafranchian carnivorans, hominin activities have a much scarcer impact than in the localities with Galerian carnivorans such as Crocuta crocuta
, Panthera pardus and Panthera leo (Madurell-Malapeira, 2010; Madurell-Malapeira et al., 2010a; 2012).
In Africa, the most studied species were the lion (61 articles), the spotted hyena Crocuta crocuta
(42), the cheetah Acinonyx jubatus (35), the African wild dog Lycaon pictus (34), and the leopard (28) out of a total of 60 registered species.