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 (krŏm′wĕl′, -wəl, krŭm′-), Oliver 1599-1658.
English military, political, and religious figure who led the Parliamentarian victory in the English Civil War (1642-1649) and called for the execution of Charles I. As lord protector of England (1653-1658) he ruled as a virtual dictator. His son Richard (1626-1712) succeeded him briefly as lord protector (1658-1659) before the restoration of the monarchy under Charles II.

Crom·well′i·an adj.


, Thomas Earl of Essex. 1485?-1540.
English politician who proposed the legislation that established the monarch as head of the established church (1534).


(ˈkrɒmwəl; -wɛl)
1. (Biography) Oliver. 1599–1658, English general and statesman. A convinced Puritan, he was an effective leader of the parliamentary army in the Civil War. After the execution of Charles I he quelled the Royalists in Scotland and Ireland, and became Lord Protector of the Commonwealth (1653–58)
2. (Biography) his son, Richard. 1626–1712, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth (1658–59)
3. (Biography) Thomas,Earl of Essex. ?1485–1540, English statesman. He was secretary to Cardinal Wolsey (1514), after whose fall he became chief adviser to Henry VIII. He drafted most of the Reformation legislation, securing its passage through parliament, the power of which he thereby greatly enhanced. He was executed after losing Henry's favour
Cromwellian adj, n


(ˈkrɒm wəl, -wɛl, ˈkrʌm-)

1. Oliver, 1599–1658, English general and statesman: Lord Protector of England, Scotland, and Ireland 1653–58.
2. his son, Richard, 1626–1712, Lord Protector of England 1658–59.
3. Thomas, Earl of Essex, 1485?–1540, English statesman.
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Noun1.Cromwell - English general and statesman who led the parliamentary army in the English Civil War (1599-1658)Cromwell - English general and statesman who led the parliamentary army in the English Civil War (1599-1658)
References in classic literature ?
Oliver Cromwell considered it more expedient to declare himself to a mind as intelligent as Mazarin's than to a queen admirable for firmness, without doubt, but too much guided by vain prejudices of birth and of divine right.
Mordaunt," said the cardinal, raising his voice, as if to arouse the dreamer, "my reply to this letter will be more satisfactory to General Cromwell if I am convinced that all are ignorant of my having given one; go, therefore, and await it at Boulogne-sur-Mer, and promise me to set out to-morrow morning.
Cromwell makes you an important person as ambassador; come, tell me, what can I do for you?
In the great world Cromwell died and Charles II returned to England to claim the throne of his fathers.
He was known to Cromwell and was a friend of Milton, a poet much greater than himself.
And no one perhaps wrote with more grave sorrow of the death of Charles than did Marvell, and that too in a poem which, strangely enough, was written in honor of Cromwell.
A year after, wounded in one of the provinces he had usurped, Cromwell returned upon us.
Cromwell is dead, after having signed a treaty with France, in which his name is placed above yours.
As side hustles go, Margaret Cromwell might win the prize for most unusual.
Summary: Cromwell UK International Education offers skill-based education for career excellence
Singapore Exchange (SGX) today welcomed Cromwell European REIT (CEREIT) to its Mainboard under the stock code CNNU.
TRAINER Gavin Cromwell has pledged to help Ger Fox rebuild his riding career after the Irish Grand Nationalwinning jockey was hit with a ban that rules him out for at least the remainder of the season, writes Richard Forristal.