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 (krŏm′wĕl′, -wəl, krŭm′-), Oliver 1599-1658.
English military, political, and religious figure who led the Parliamentarian victory in the English Civil War (1642-1649) and called for the execution of Charles I. As lord protector of England (1653-1658) he ruled as a virtual dictator. His son Richard (1626-1712) succeeded him briefly as lord protector (1658-1659) before the restoration of the monarchy under Charles II.

Crom·well′i·an adj.


, Thomas Earl of Essex. 1485?-1540.
English politician who proposed the legislation that established the monarch as head of the established church (1534).


(ˈkrɒmwəl; -wɛl)
1. (Biography) Oliver. 1599–1658, English general and statesman. A convinced Puritan, he was an effective leader of the parliamentary army in the Civil War. After the execution of Charles I he quelled the Royalists in Scotland and Ireland, and became Lord Protector of the Commonwealth (1653–58)
2. (Biography) his son, Richard. 1626–1712, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth (1658–59)
3. (Biography) Thomas,Earl of Essex. ?1485–1540, English statesman. He was secretary to Cardinal Wolsey (1514), after whose fall he became chief adviser to Henry VIII. He drafted most of the Reformation legislation, securing its passage through parliament, the power of which he thereby greatly enhanced. He was executed after losing Henry's favour
Cromwellian adj, n


(ˈkrɒm wəl, -wɛl, ˈkrʌm-)

1. Oliver, 1599–1658, English general and statesman: Lord Protector of England, Scotland, and Ireland 1653–58.
2. his son, Richard, 1626–1712, Lord Protector of England 1658–59.
3. Thomas, Earl of Essex, 1485?–1540, English statesman.
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Noun1.Cromwell - English general and statesman who led the parliamentary army in the English Civil War (1599-1658)Cromwell - English general and statesman who led the parliamentary army in the English Civil War (1599-1658)
References in classic literature ?
"From General Oliver Cromwell," said the new comer.
"A man bringing a letter from Oliver Cromwell?" said Mazarin.
Mazarin now understood that Cromwell's envoy desired to retain his incognito.
I now understand why you are in the service of Cromwell; you hate the king."
In the great world Cromwell died and Charles II returned to England to claim the throne of his fathers.
He was known to Cromwell and was a friend of Milton, a poet much greater than himself.
And no one perhaps wrote with more grave sorrow of the death of Charles than did Marvell, and that too in a poem which, strangely enough, was written in honor of Cromwell.
"You know, sire, that being called in 1650 to Edinburgh, during Cromwell's expedition into Ireland, I was crowned at Scone.
"By a bold, almost desperate march, I passed through Cromwell's army, and entered England.
Cromwell is dead, after having signed a treaty with France, in which his name is placed above yours.
You declined a little in Oliver Cromwell's time, but to no serious extent, and in Charles the Second's reign you were made Knights of the Royal Oak for your loyalty.
Peters afterwards went back to England, and was chaplain to Oliver Cromwell; but Grandfather did not tell the children what became of this upright and zealous man at last.