silicon

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Related to Crystalline silicon: Amorphous silicon

sil·i·con

 (sĭl′ĭ-kən, -kŏn′)
n. Symbol Si
A nonmetallic element occurring extensively in the earth's crust in silica and silicates, having both a brown amorphous and a gray lustrous crystalline allotrope, and used doped or in combination with other materials in glass, semiconducting devices, concrete, brick, refractories, pottery, and silicones. Atomic number 14; atomic weight 28.086; melting point 1,414°C; boiling point 3,265°C; specific gravity 2.33 (25°C); valence 2, 4. See Periodic Table.

[From silica.]

silicon

(ˈsɪlɪkən)
n
(Elements & Compounds)
a. a brittle metalloid element that exists in two allotropic forms; occurs principally in sand, quartz, granite, feldspar, and clay. It is usually a grey crystalline solid but is also found as a brown amorphous powder. It is used in transistors, rectifiers, solar cells, and alloys. Its compounds are widely used in glass manufacture, the building industry, and in the form of silicones. Symbol: Si; atomic no: 14; atomic wt: 28.0855; valency: 4; relative density: 2.33; melting pt: 1414°C; boiling pt: 3267°C
b. (modifier; sometimes capital) denoting an area of a country that contains a density of high-technology industry
[C19: from silica, on the model of boron, carbon]

sil•i•con

(ˈsɪl ɪ kən, -ˌkɒn)

n.
a nonmetallic element, having amorphous and crystalline forms, occurring in a combined state in minerals and rocks and constituting more than one fourth of the earth's crust: used in steelmaking, alloys, etc. Symbol: Si; at. wt.: 28.086; at. no.: 14; sp. gr.: 2.4 at 20°C.
[1817; silic (a) + -on, as in carbon and boron]

sil·i·con

(sĭl′ĭ-kŏn′)
Symbol Si A nonmetallic element that occurs in both gray crystalline and brown noncrystalline forms. It is the second most abundant element in the Earth's crust and can be found only in silica and silicates. Silicon is used in glass, semiconductors, concrete, and ceramics. Atomic number 14. See Periodic Table.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.silicon - a tetravalent nonmetallic elementsilicon - a tetravalent nonmetallic element; next to oxygen it is the most abundant element in the earth's crust; occurs in clay and feldspar and granite and quartz and sand; used as a semiconductor in transistors
chemical element, element - any of the more than 100 known substances (of which 92 occur naturally) that cannot be separated into simpler substances and that singly or in combination constitute all matter
quartz - a hard glossy mineral consisting of silicon dioxide in crystal form; present in most rocks (especially sandstone and granite); yellow sand is quartz with iron oxide impurities
clay - a very fine-grained soil that is plastic when moist but hard when fired
semiconducting material, semiconductor - a substance as germanium or silicon whose electrical conductivity is intermediate between that of a metal and an insulator; its conductivity increases with temperature and in the presence of impurities
feldspar, felspar - any of a group of hard crystalline minerals that consist of aluminum silicates of potassium or sodium or calcium or barium
granite - plutonic igneous rock having visibly crystalline texture; generally composed of feldspar and mica and quartz
sand - a loose material consisting of grains of rock or coral
silicone, silicone polymer - any of a large class of siloxanes that are unusually stable over a wide range of temperatures; used in lubricants and adhesives and coatings and synthetic rubber and electrical insulation
Translations
silikon
سليكون
силиций
silici
křemík
silicio
räni
سیلیسیم
pii
सिलिकॉन
silicij
szilícium
silikon
kísill
ケイ素
규소실리콘
silicium
silicis
silīcijs
സിലിക്കണ്‍
silisium
siliciu
kremík
silicij
силицијум
kisel
ซิลิคอน
silisyum
кремній
silic

silicon

[ˈsɪlɪkən]
A. Nsilicio m
B. CPD silicon carbide Ncarburo m de silicio
silicon chip Nchip m or plaqueta f de silicio

silicon

[ˈsɪlɪkən] nsilicium mSilicon Alley nSilicon Alley f (quartier où se concentrent de nombreuses entreprises informatiques)silicon chip npuce f de silicium

silicon

nSilizium nt

silicon

[ˈsɪlɪkən] nsilicio

sil·i·con

n. silicio, elemento no metálico encontrado en la tierra.
References in periodicals archive ?
Innovalight Inc, located in Sunnyvale, Calif., is specialised in advanced silicon inks and process technologies that increase the efficiency of crystalline silicon solar cells.
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Regardless of the continuing uncertainty over how they work, the performance of CIGS in solar cells is nearly as good as that of crystalline silicon, "the workhorse of the photovoltaics industry," Noufi says.
DuPont (NYSE: DD) has acquired Innovalight Inc, a company specialising in advanced silicon inks and process technologies that increase the efficiency of crystalline silicon solar cells.
Taipei, April 6, 2011 (CENS)--Regardless of reports that demands for crystalline silicon wafers are losing steam, Sino-American Silicon Products Inc.
The MaxEdge system is part of Applied's portfolio of systems for ultra-thin crystalline silicon solar cells, including the Applied ATON PVD system for anti-reflective and passivation layer deposition and the Applied Baccini Soft Line integrated system for all-in-one screen printing, edge isolation, test and sort.
Industry experts forecast that crystalline silicon solar cells will make up 80 per cent of the solar business, in contrast to thin film solar cells.
The San Diego group prepared porous silicon by letting a hydrogen-fluoride solution electrochemically eat away parts of a wafer of pure, crystalline silicon. When illuminated by ultraviolet light, the resulting porous material glowed, emitting light visible to the naked eye as red-orange or orange-yellow.