silicon

(redirected from Crystalline silicon)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.
Related to Crystalline silicon: Amorphous silicon

sil·i·con

 (sĭl′ĭ-kən, -kŏn′)
n. Symbol Si
A nonmetallic element occurring extensively in the earth's crust in silica and silicates, having both a brown amorphous and a gray lustrous crystalline allotrope, and used doped or in combination with other materials in glass, semiconducting devices, concrete, brick, refractories, pottery, and silicones. Atomic number 14; atomic weight 28.086; melting point 1,414°C; boiling point 3,265°C; specific gravity 2.33 (25°C); valence 2, 4. See Periodic Table.

[From silica.]

silicon

(ˈsɪlɪkən)
n
(Elements & Compounds)
a. a brittle metalloid element that exists in two allotropic forms; occurs principally in sand, quartz, granite, feldspar, and clay. It is usually a grey crystalline solid but is also found as a brown amorphous powder. It is used in transistors, rectifiers, solar cells, and alloys. Its compounds are widely used in glass manufacture, the building industry, and in the form of silicones. Symbol: Si; atomic no: 14; atomic wt: 28.0855; valency: 4; relative density: 2.33; melting pt: 1414°C; boiling pt: 3267°C
b. (modifier; sometimes capital) denoting an area of a country that contains a density of high-technology industry
[C19: from silica, on the model of boron, carbon]

sil•i•con

(ˈsɪl ɪ kən, -ˌkɒn)

n.
a nonmetallic element, having amorphous and crystalline forms, occurring in a combined state in minerals and rocks and constituting more than one fourth of the earth's crust: used in steelmaking, alloys, etc. Symbol: Si; at. wt.: 28.086; at. no.: 14; sp. gr.: 2.4 at 20°C.
[1817; silic (a) + -on, as in carbon and boron]

sil·i·con

(sĭl′ĭ-kŏn′)
Symbol Si A nonmetallic element that occurs in both gray crystalline and brown noncrystalline forms. It is the second most abundant element in the Earth's crust and can be found only in silica and silicates. Silicon is used in glass, semiconductors, concrete, and ceramics. Atomic number 14. See Periodic Table.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.silicon - a tetravalent nonmetallic elementsilicon - a tetravalent nonmetallic element; next to oxygen it is the most abundant element in the earth's crust; occurs in clay and feldspar and granite and quartz and sand; used as a semiconductor in transistors
chemical element, element - any of the more than 100 known substances (of which 92 occur naturally) that cannot be separated into simpler substances and that singly or in combination constitute all matter
quartz - a hard glossy mineral consisting of silicon dioxide in crystal form; present in most rocks (especially sandstone and granite); yellow sand is quartz with iron oxide impurities
clay - a very fine-grained soil that is plastic when moist but hard when fired
semiconducting material, semiconductor - a substance as germanium or silicon whose electrical conductivity is intermediate between that of a metal and an insulator; its conductivity increases with temperature and in the presence of impurities
feldspar, felspar - any of a group of hard crystalline minerals that consist of aluminum silicates of potassium or sodium or calcium or barium
granite - plutonic igneous rock having visibly crystalline texture; generally composed of feldspar and mica and quartz
sand - a loose material consisting of grains of rock or coral
silicone, silicone polymer - any of a large class of siloxanes that are unusually stable over a wide range of temperatures; used in lubricants and adhesives and coatings and synthetic rubber and electrical insulation
Translations
silikon
سليكون
силиций
silici
křemík
silicio
räni
سیلیسیم
pii
सिलिकॉन
silicij
szilícium
silikon
kísill
ケイ素
규소실리콘
silicium
silicis
silīcijs
സിലിക്കണ്‍
silisium
siliciu
kremík
silicij
силицијум
kisel
ซิลิคอน
silisyum
кремній
silic

silicon

[ˈsɪlɪkən]
A. Nsilicio m
B. CPD silicon carbide Ncarburo m de silicio
silicon chip Nchip m or plaqueta f de silicio

silicon

[ˈsɪlɪkən] nsilicium mSilicon Alley nSilicon Alley f (quartier où se concentrent de nombreuses entreprises informatiques)silicon chip npuce f de silicium

silicon

nSilizium nt

silicon

[ˈsɪlɪkən] nsilicio

sil·i·con

n. silicio, elemento no metálico encontrado en la tierra.
References in periodicals archive ?
1% has been achieved for a crystalline silicon solar cell based p-type wafer material at laboratory level.
The company has launched the brand with the recent tariff introduced on imported crystalline silicon solar modules and cells.
A team of scientists at Stanford University, including a researcher of Indian origin, has shown how nanotechnology can be used to create crystalline silicon (c-Si) thin-film solar cells that are more efficient at capturing solar energy.
a manufacturer of high-efficiency crystalline silicon solar cells and modules, with headquarters in metro-Atlanta and manufacturing facilities in Georgia and Michigan, today announces its partnership with DMSolar, a leading solar distributor in Mexico.
Nanoelectronics research center imec announced that it has improved its large-area n-type PERT (passivated emitter, rear totally diffused) crystalline silicon (Si) solar cell on 6-inch commercially available n-type Cz-Si wafers, now reaching a top conversion efficiency of 22.
3 manufacturer of crystalline silicon wafers, will team up with JA Solar Holdings Co.
By bringing the expertise of the semiconductor industry to the PV industry, we can significantly increase the efficiency of crystalline silicon solar cells.
The cost of electricity generated using solar cells is still greater, partly owing to the characteristics of the most widely used material in solar cells - crystalline silicon.
With 400MW/year production capacity of crystalline silicon and solar cells, and 600MW/year production capacity of solar modules, Juli's Baoding facilities are among the most advanced photovoltaic manufacturing facilities worldwide.
The majority of these modules are based on crystalline silicon cells.
have successfully developed a thin crystalline silicon (c-Si) glass-glass photovoltaic module that is 25 percent lighter in weight (excluding the frame) compared with traditional c-Si modules using standard solar grade front glass.
The performance of crystalline silicon, which is considered to be a reliable solar module construction, declines during rising temperatures of rooftop modules, according to studies by TUV Rheinland PTL, LLC, a member of the world's largest solar and photovoltaic testing network.