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 (tĕs′ə-fŏn′, tē′sə-)
An ancient city of central Iraq on the Tigris River southeast of Baghdad. As the residence of Parthian kings it was renowned for its splendor. The Arabs captured and plundered the city in 637.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Placename) an ancient city on the River Tigris about 100 km (60 miles) above Babylon. First mentioned in 221 bc, it was destroyed in the 7th and 8th centuries ad
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈtɛs əˌfɒn)

a ruined city in Iraq, on the Tigris, near Baghdad: an ancient capital of Parthia.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
In their soft glances I see what men strove to realize in some Versailles, or Paphos, or Ctesiphon. Indeed, it is the magical lights of the horizon and the blue sky for the background which save all our works of art, which were otherwise bawbles.
With the exception of a few examples from the empire at home (a look at cults of eastern immigrants in Rome, or jewels from a tomb in Italy), the exhibition covers a vast geographic arc, starting in south-western Arabia, jumping to modern Jordan, skipping to Judea and Phoenicia, then proceeding eastwards to Baalbek in the Beqaa valley, the two extraordinary Syrian sites of Palmyra and Dura-Europos, then Hatra in northern Iraq, and finally Mesopotamia (Babylonia, Ctesiphon), stopping on the edges of Iran.
Incidentally, capitals of Seleucid, Parthia/Sassanid and Abbasid empire, namely Seleucia, Ctesiphon and Baghdad were nearly co-located on the banks of the Tigris river.
Similarly two western tourists visiting the ancient ruins of Ctesiphon look posed and awkward standing by a rabab player.
Architecture often took grandiose proportions, such as the palaces at Ctesiphon, Firuzabad and Sarvestan.
The topics are Demosthenes and his times, his opponent in the case Aeschines' speech Against Ctesiphon: an abstract, a structural analysis, [ETH]thos, crafting nostalgia: pathos, on the deinos logos, and Demosthenes' style: lexis.
By November the vanguard had reached Ctesiphon. Ottoman forces were distant and disorganised.
*** During The Time Of The Sassanid Empire, From The 3rd Century To The 7th, The Major Part Of Iraq Was Called The Heart Of Iran', And Its Metropolis Ctesiphon - Not Far From Present-Day Baghdad, Which Functioned As Such For More Than 800 Years
A statement by the military media cell said that "the security units continue to progress in the operation of the dawn of al-Qarma toward its goals, and was able to destroy an armored excavator and killed those in it from terrorists." Another force of the Baghdad Operations Command, according to the statement " carried out an operation in areas (Ctesiphon , al-Jam'iya, al-Baijiya and Khazraj) that resulted in the arrest of wanted men in accordance with Article 4 of terrorism, and also found 5 projectiles of war are corrupted and destroyed two guesthouses for the enemy and detonated 12 explosive devices, as well as the opening of a road by 1800m "./ End
At the Battle of Ctesiphon in late November, Townshend himself observed "hundreds of Indian soldiers streaming to the rear, because there were not enough white officers to keep them steady and in hand." (20) Fear of an imminent collapse of morale in his force contributed significantly to Townshend's decision to retire from Ctesiphon and his decision in early December to halt at Kut-al-Amara, where he had stockpiled rations and constructed a military hospital earlier in the fall.