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also Kur·land  (ko͝or′lənd)
A historical region and former duchy of southern Latvia between the Baltic Sea and the Western Dvina River. It passed to Russia in 1795 and was largely incorporated into Latvia in 1918.


(ˈkʊələnd) or


(Placename) a region of Latvia, between the Gulf of Riga and the Lithuanian border. Latvian name: Kurzeme


or Kur•land

(ˈkʊər lənd)

a former duchy on the Baltic: later, a province of Russia and, in 1918, incorporated into Latvia.
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References in periodicals archive ?
It is in complete contradiction with the present knowledge that in all northern Latvia down to the Daugava River (Baltic) Finnic languages were spoken as late as around 1000 AD, while all of Curonia around the same time was inhabited by people who spoke Baltic languages.
The villa had been named Curonia by recent Russian owners for Kurland in their homeland.
Gertrude Stein, "Portrait of Mabel Dodge at the Villa Curonia," in Selected Writings of Gertrude Stein (Random House).
The importance of the mensuur tradition is well shown in the fact that the oldest Baltic German student organization in Estonia, called Curonia, starts its history from a mensuur on 8.