glycoside

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gly·co·side

 (glī′kə-sīd′)
n.
Any of a group of organic compounds, occurring abundantly in plants, that yield a sugar and one or more nonsugar substances on hydrolysis.

[glycose, a monosaccharide (variant of glucose) + -ide.]

gly′co·sid′ic (-sĭd′ĭk) adj.

glycoside

(ˈɡlaɪkəʊˌsaɪd)
n
(Chemistry) any of a group of substances, such as digitoxin, derived from monosaccharides by replacing the hydroxyl group by another group. Many are important medicinal drugs. See also glucoside
glycosidic adj

gly•co•side

(ˈglaɪ kəˌsaɪd)

n.
any of the class of compounds that yield a sugar and an aglycon upon hydrolysis.
[1925–30; alter. of glucoside, with y from glyco-]
gly`co•sid′ic (-ˈsɪd ɪk) adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.glycoside - a group of compounds derived from monosaccharides
organic compound - any compound of carbon and another element or a radical
glucoside - a glycoside derived from glucose
nucleoside - a glycoside formed by partial hydrolysis of a nucleic acid
strophanthin - a bitter and very toxic glycoside derived from plants of the genus Strophanthus; in moderate doses it is a cardiac stimulant but in larger doses it is a powerful poison; used in Africa as an arrow poison
Translations

glu·co·side

, glycoside
n. glucósido, compuesto natural o sintético que al hidrolizarse libera azúcar.
References in periodicals archive ?
Statement on cyanogenic glycosides in bitter apricot kernels, http: //cot.
Cyanide, in the form of cyanogenic glycosides (cyanide bound to a sugar molecule), is typically present in the vegetative tissues, fruits, and seeds of species in the genus Prunus (family Rosaceae), and might defend seeds against predation (Levin, 1976; Swain et al.
The screening was done to determine the presence of bioactive chemical components in the two plant samples such as alkaloids, antraquinones, cyanogenic glycosides, unsaturated sterols, flavonoids and saphonins according to the standard protocols described previously [2, 6, 15].
Elderberry is generally a non-toxic plant however it contains cyanogenic glycosides that are converted to hydrogen cyanide during digestion; the consumption of immature plants or high quantities of fruits may cause nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea.
Advances in cyanogenic glycosides biosynthesis and analyses in plants: A review.
Euphorbiaceae: Cyanogenic glycosides are amino acid present in more than 2500 plant species, playing an important role in plant defense against herbivores due to their bitter taste and release of toxic hydrogen cyanide.
Unlike linamarin and lotaustralin which are the cyanogenic glycosides found in cassava plants, taxiphyllin in bamboo shoots is highly unstable and is easily decomposed when treated with boiling water.
The stems, leaves, and seeds of apples, cherries, peaches, and apricots contain cyanogenic glycosides that can cause vomiting and loss of appetite when eaten in large amounts.
The cyanogenic glycosides linamarin and lotaustralin are known to be precursor compounds to the liberation of HCN on hydrolysis in cassava tissues.