Ballads, 'Beowulf,' Caedmon, Bede (Latin prose), Cynewulf
His successor at Leeds, Tom Shippey, especially takes Tolkien to task, arguing that the Germanic heroic tradition delights in such moments of excess, citing Cynewulf
's charge on Cyneheard in the 755 AD entry of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle: "One must conclude that those who passed on the story of Cynewulf
took a certain delight in the king's sudden decision that life counted for nothing against the furious hatred he felt for his ambusher" ("Boar and Badger" 222).
At the first meeting, they were assigned Bede, Caedmon and Cynewulf
, and Alfred the Great, and Howard Pyle's Robin Hood was then read aloud; at the February meeting, the group covered history up to Spenser and the English Renaissance, and Dr.
Davis-Secord interestingly continues, demonstrating how compounds in Cynewulf
's Juliana are markedly prosaic, and underscore a very different approach to the authority and cultural capital of the underlying Latin source.
In vernacular works translated from Latin, such as the Old English Boethius or Cynewulf
's versified saints' lives, compounds function not merely to render words or concepts in the original, but also to imbue the translation with specifically native connotations.
She discusses runes in Old English manuscripts: the Exeter Book manuscript as a case study, reading and writing in the runic riddles and The Husband's Message, Cynewulf
's signatures and the materiality of the letter, the power of the letter in runic charms and Solomon and Saturn I, and rune lists and alphabet poems: studying the letter in later Anglo-Saxon England.
A different group of poems, Christ 1, 2, and 3, is associated with the poet Cynewulf
, although only Christ 2 has his name included within it by the use of runes.
Chapter 2, "Cynewulf
and the Exeter Book," focuses on one manuscript collection that includes works by the eighth-century poet Cynewulf
Speech, song, and poetic craft: The artistry of the Cynewulf
, another significant Anglo-Saxon poet, produced a great deal of verse, praising religious figures and virtues.
One of the very few named Old English poets, Cynewulf
wrote religious verse sometime between the eighth and tenth centuries.
The fourth part, again with twelve contributions, examines collectors of books such as St Patrick, lona from 679 to 704, Adhelm, Bede, Alcuin, Cynewulf
, King Alfred, Aelfric, Byrhtferth, Wulfstan of York and Rhygyfach ap Sullen and leuan ap Sullen and this section also has one (very interesting) essay on literacy in Anglo-Saxon England.