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Any of numerous often small freshwater fishes of the family Cyprinidae, which includes the minnows, carps, and shiners.

[From New Latin Cyprīnidae, family name, from Cyprīnus, type genus, from Latin cyprīnus, carp, from Greek kuprīnos, perhaps from kupros, henna (from the fish's color ), probably from a Semitic source akin to Hebrew kōper, henna; see kpr in Semitic roots.]

cyp′ri·nid adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(sɪˈpraɪnɪd; ˈsɪprɪnɪd)
(Animals) any teleost fish of the mainly freshwater family Cyprinidae, typically having toothless jaws and cycloid scales and including such food and game fishes as the carp, tench, roach, rudd, and dace
1. (Animals) of, relating to, or belonging to the Cyprinidae
2. (Zoology) resembling a carp; cyprinoid
[C19: from New Latin Cyprīnidae, from Latin cyprīnus carp, from Greek kuprinos]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈsɪp rə nɪd)

1. any of the freshwater fishes of the family Cyprinidae, including carps, minnows, bream, chub, and dace.
2. carplike in form or structure.
[1890–95; < New Latin Cyprinidae=Cyprīn(us) genus name (Latin: carp < Greek kyprînos) + -idae -id2]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cyprinid - soft-finned mainly freshwater fishes typically having toothless jaws and cycloid scales
cypriniform fish - a soft-finned fish of the order Cypriniformes
Cyprinidae, family Cyprinidae - a family of fish including: carp; tench; roach; rudd; dace
carp - any of various freshwater fish of the family Cyprinidae
tench, Tinca tinca - freshwater dace-like game fish of Europe and western Asia noted for ability to survive outside water
dace, Leuciscus leuciscus - small European freshwater fish with a slender bluish-green body
chub, Leuciscus cephalus - European freshwater game fish with a thick spindle-shaped body
shiner - any of numerous small silvery North American cyprinid fishes especially of the genus Notropis
Rutilus rutilus, roach - European freshwater food fish having a greenish back
rudd, Scardinius erythrophthalmus - European freshwater fish resembling the roach
minnow, Phoxinus phoxinus - very small European freshwater fish common in gravelly streams
Gobio gobio, gudgeon - small slender European freshwater fish often used as bait by anglers
Carassius auratus, goldfish - small golden or orange-red freshwater fishes of Eurasia used as pond or aquarium fishes
Carassius carassius, Carassius vulgaris, crucian carp - European carp closely resembling wild goldfish
Adj.1.cyprinid - of or relating to members of fish family Cyprinidae
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Precision of Hard Structures Used to Estimate Age of Riverine Catostomids and Cyprinids in the Upper Colorado River Basin.
The most common species in the oxbows are cyprinids, with crucian carp (Carassius carassius) and rudd (Scardinius erythrophthalmus) usually dominant.
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi (Figure 1) was first described by Yamaguti (1934) from cyprinids in Japan 142.
The trade-off between steady and unsteady swimming performance in six cyprinids at two temperatures.
The market has further been segmented on the basis of aquatic animal type into carps, shrimps, mollusks, crustaceans, and others including eels, cyprinids, and other freshwater fish.
As initiators and effectors of innate immunity, the recruitment of MCs/EGCs to persistent inflammation sites is a general response in teleost's, which is in line with reports for other teleost families, such as cyprinids (Reite & Evensen, 2006).
As a result, the earlier LWR study with negative allometric growth for some freshwater cyprinids (b=2.885) in Chela sp., (b=2.665) and (b=2.864) in Puntius schwanenfeldii which are accordance with the present findings.
I have seen similar growths on Koi and carp, sometimes referred to as 'carp pox', caused by a herpes virus specific to cyprinids though other fish families have their own versions.