Cyrenaic


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Related to Cyrenaic: Cyrenaicism, Cyrenaic school

Cyr·e·na·ic

 (sîr′ə-nā′ĭk, sī′rə-)
adj.
1. Of or relating to Cyrenaica or Cyrene.
2. Of or advocating the doctrines of Aristippus of Cyrene, who argued that pleasure is the only good in life.
n.
1. A native or inhabitant of Cyrenaica or Cyrene.
2. A disciple of the Cyrenaic school of philosophy.

Cyrenaic

(ˌsaɪrəˈneɪɪk; ˌsɪrə-)
adj
1. (Historical Terms) (in the ancient world) of or relating to the city of Cyrene or the territory of Cyrenaica
2. (Philosophy) of or relating to the philosophical school founded by the Greek philosopher Aristippus (?435–?356 bc) in Cyrene that held pleasure to be the highest good
n
3. (Historical Terms) an inhabitant of Cyrene or Cyrenaica
4. (Philosophy) a follower of the Cyrenaic school of philosophy

Cyr•e•na•ic

(ˌsɪr əˈneɪ ɪk, ˌsaɪ rə-)

adj.
1. of or pertaining to Cyrenaica or Cyrene.
2. noting or pertaining to a school of philosophy founded by Aristippus of Cyrene, who taught that pleasure is the only rational aim of life.
n.
3. a native or inhabitant of Cyrenaica.
4. a philosopher of the Cyrenaic school.
[1580–90; < Latin Cȳrēnaicus < Greek Kȳrēnnaïkós=Kȳrēna- (comb. form of Kȳrḗnē Cyrene) + -ikos -ic]
References in periodicals archive ?
"In philosophy I am a Cyrenaic or egoistic hedonist, and regard the pleasure of the moment as the only possible motive of action.
Then, the various models/schools of philosophy are put on sale one after the other: the Pythagoreans, the Cynics, the Cyrenaic, Democritus and Heraclitus (in the same package deal!), the Stoics, the Academic/ Socratic, the Epicureans, the Peripatetic, and finally the Skeptics.
(28) His pupil Aristippus founded the Cyrenaic school which rejected both physical theory and mathematics, claiming we can only know our sensations and experiences.
Historical examples that come to mind are Hildegaard of Bingen, Teresa of Avila, and Arete the Cyrenaic.
Former guards of oil ports have since July been blocking oil terminals in the east of the country to protest first against the sale of crude oil without account and later to demand the autonomy of the Cyrenaic (East).
AEH did not subscribe to Stoicism, and did not concur with Manilius' anti-Epicureanism in the Astronomica, but presented a more Cyrenaic outlook.
(24.) On the Cyrenaic derivation of prudence from the fear of punishment, see Richard Parry, "Ancient Ethical Theory," The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Fall 2009 Edition), ed.
(13) The Cyrenaic section of Marius's development represents the most fully articulated sensationist philosophy in the Victorian novel, but it is one with a very different temper from Conrad:
Filelfo uses these Cynic (or, in the case of Apollonius's biography, Cyrenaic) texts in part to console the exiles for their loss of worldly possessions, but more importantly to challenge implicitly the regime that now governs Florence by what he insists is a form of tyranny.
I am not a pessimist but a pejorist (as George Eliot said she was not an optimist but a meliorist); and that is owing to my observation of the world, not to personal circumstances [...] I respect the Epicureans more than the Stoics, but I am myself a Cyrenaic. (45)
"In philosophy I am a Cyrenaic or egoistic hedonist, and regard the pleasure of the moment as the only possible motive of action." (65) He had been using these terms to describe his philosophy for over twenty years.