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Related to Cyrenaican: Tripolitania, Cyrene


 (sĭr′ə-nā′ĭ-kə, sī′rə-)
An ancient region of northeast Libya bordering on the Mediterranean Sea. It was colonized by the Greeks in the seventh century bc and became a Roman province in the first century bc.


(ˌsaɪrəˈneɪɪkə; ˌsɪrə-) or


(Placename) a region and former province (1951–63) of E Libya: largely desert; settled by the Greeks in about 630 bc; ruled successively by the Egyptians, Romans, Arabs, Turks, and Italians. Area: 855 370 sq km (330 258 sq miles)


or Cir•e•na•i•ca

(ˌsɪr əˈneɪ ɪ kə, ˌsaɪ rə-)

1. an ancient district in N Africa.
2. the E part of Libya.
References in periodicals archive ?
The most powerful of the military coalitions is the ambitiously named Libyan National Army (LNA), a coalition of militias nominally under the Tobruk-based HoR and commanded by Khalifa Haftar, a Cyrenaican strongman who lived in Virginia after turning against Qaddafi but is now supported largely by Russia, Egypt, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
During the attack on Libya, the French and the British made wide use of the Islamists to fight the power structure in Tripoli, since the Cyrenaican separatists had no interest in overthrowing Muammar al-Gaddafi once Benghazi became independent.
Chief of Staff Yousef al-Manqous is said to favor Cyrenaican militias over the military units under his command, while government officials complain about the lack of an effective chain of command.
In Libya, for example, civic leaders declared semi-autonomy for Cyrenaica and the Cyrenaican council has announced it is boycotting the elections as it considers the distribution of seats within the General National Congress is unfairly tilted towards the west of the country.
The main Cyrenaican tribe was the Senusi and their leader Idris was crowned King of Libya.
Their topics include means of transactions in trans-Saharan trade described in Arabic sources until the 16th century, the sociocultural and economic exchange between the Augila Oasis and the Cyrenaican Bedouin in Libya's eastern Sahara as a centuries-long symbiotic relationship, weapons and smugglers throughout Western Sahara from the anti-colonial resistance to the First World War, the transition of camels from a beast of burden to a commodity in the trans-Saharan trade between Chad and Libya, and Libyan novelist Ibrahim al-Koni's atlas of the Sahara.
lt;<Hadrian, Antoninus Plus and the Cyrenaican Cities>>, JRS, 68, 1978, pp.
After being driven back across the Cyrenaican 'bulge' to El Agheila in December 1941, Rommel received reinforcements including much needed tanks.
To my knowledge, Larcher (2001) reports on the earliest eyewitness account of Cyrenaican Arabic, by a Moroccan traveler in the thirteenth century, and this account is silent about (3) (and indeed the account raises more questions than it answers about the Cyrenaican dialect spoken then).