cysteine

(redirected from Cysteinyl)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.

cys·te·ine

 (sĭs′tə-ēn′, -ĭn, -tē-)
n.
An amino acid, C3H7O2NS, derived from cystine and found in most proteins.

[Alteration of cystine.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

cysteine

(ˈsɪstɪˌiːn; -ɪn)
n
(Biochemistry) a sulphur-containing amino acid, present in proteins, that oxidizes on exposure to air to form cystine. Formula: HSCH2CH(NH2)COOH
[C19: variant of cystine]
ˌcysteˈinic adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

cys•te•ine

(ˈsɪs tiˌin, -ɪn)

n.
a crystalline amino acid, C3H7O2NS, a component of nearly all proteins, obtained by the reduction of cystine. Abbr.: Cys;Symbol: C
[1880–85; alter. of cystine]
cys`te•in′ic, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

cys·te·ine

(sĭs′tə-ēn′)
A nonessential amino acid. See more at amino acid. See Note at keratin.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cysteine - an amino acid containing sulfur that is found in most proteins; oxidizes on exposure to air to form cystine
amino acid, aminoalkanoic acid - organic compounds containing an amino group and a carboxylic acid group; "proteins are composed of various proportions of about 20 common amino acids"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
cystein
Cystein
cystéine
cysteina

cys·te·ine

n. cisteína, aminoácido derivado de la cistina, presente en la mayor parte de las proteínas.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

cysteine

n cisteína
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Montelukast inhibits the actions of leukotriene D4 (LTD4) by reversibly binding on the cysteinyl leukotriene receptor CysLT1 in the lungs and bronchial tubes.
Once in the kidney, cisplatin undergoes biotransformation to cysteinyl glycine conjugates and other higher thiols that is believed to cause toxicity.
Functional properties of hemoglobin Porto Alegre ([A.sup.A.sub.2][[B.sup.9.sub.2].sup.Ser[right arrow]Cys])reactivity of its extra cysteinyl residue.
Effect of selective cysteinyl leukotriene receptor antagonists on airway inflammation and matrix metalloproteinase expression in a mouse asthma model.
There are two classes of leukotrienes, leukotriene B4 (LTB4) and the cysteinyl leukotrienes C4 (LTC4), D4 (LTD4) and E4 (LTE4) (9).
Caspase, a cysteinyl aspartate-specific proteinase, is an important player in cell apoptosis.
Cadmium has affinity for hydroxyl, carboxyl, phosphatidyl, cysteinyl and histidyl side chain groups of proteins, purines and porphyrins, and may interfere in different metabolic processes including oxidative phosphorylation pathways [8].
This is suggested, because Miura et al [32] reported that cysteine-coupled polyphenols such as cysteinyl caffeic acids can be used as preserving agents for retaining the fresh meat color, because of their powerful reducing effect on metmyoglobin that changes the color of meat from brown to the more desirable bright red.
Shi, "Cysteinyl cathepsins and mast cell proteases in the pathogenesis and therapeutics of cardiovascular diseases," Pharmacology & Therapeutics, vol.
Kasprzak, "Generation of free radicals from model lipid hydroperoxides and H2O2 by Co(II) in the presence of cysteinyl and histidyl chelators," Chemical Research in Toxicology, vol.
The NLRP3 inflammasome is an intracellular multiprotein complex consisting of NLRP3, apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a caspase recruitment domain (ASC, adaptor protein), and cysteinyl aspartate specific protease-1 (caspase-1, effect protein).
Handy et al., "Aldosterone increases oxidant stress to impair guanylyl cyclase activity by cysteinyl thiol oxidation in vascular smooth muscle cells," The Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol.