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 (sĭt′ərn) also cith·ern (sĭth′ərn, sĭth′-)
A 16th-century guitar with a flat, pear-shaped body.

[Perhaps blend of Latin cithara, cithara; see cithara, and obsolete English gittern (from Middle English, from Old French guiterne, from Latin cithara).]


(ˈsɪtɜːn) ,




(Instruments) a medieval stringed instrument resembling a lute but having wire strings and a flat back. Compare gittern
[C16: perhaps a blend of cither + gittern]


(ˈsɪt ərn)

an old musical instrument related to the guitar, having a flat, pear-shaped soundbox and wire strings.
[1550–60; perhaps b. Latin cithara kithara and Middle French guiterne gittern]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cittern - a 16th century musical instrument resembling a guitar with a pear-shaped soundbox and wire stringscittern - a 16th century musical instrument resembling a guitar with a pear-shaped soundbox and wire strings
guitar - a stringed instrument usually having six strings; played by strumming or plucking
References in periodicals archive ?
Este es el caso, por ejemplo, de los distintos parnasos escritos en el siglo xvii: La Vega del Parnaso de Lope (1637), el calderoniano El sacro Parnaso, los Parnasos a lo divino Sacro Monte Parnaso, de las mvsas catolicas de los Reynos de Espana en elogio a San Francisco Xavier, de la compania de Jesus (Valencia, Francisco Mestre, 1687), las miscelaneas Cythara de Apolo (Madrid, Francisco Sanz, 1681) y La Citara de Apolo y Parnaso en Aragon (Zaragoza, 1650) de Ambrosio Bondia.
musette d'Allemaigne, cornet d'Allemaigne, l'eschaquir d'Engletre, chevrecte d'Esclavonnie, cythara teutonica and cythara anglica, rabe morisco, guitarra morisca and guitarra latina, guitarra sarracenica, cor sarrazinios, cornet sarrazinoas, but also the ala bohemica or fleuthe de Behaingne.
Certain manuscripts of the book tell how there were three Sirens, the one making music with a cythara, the second with a lyre, and the third with a human voice.