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 (sĭt′ərn) also cith·ern (sĭth′ərn, sĭth′-)
A 16th-century guitar with a flat, pear-shaped body.

[Perhaps blend of Latin cithara, cithara; see cithara, and obsolete English gittern (from Middle English, from Old French guiterne, from Latin cithara).]


(ˈsɪtɜːn) ,




(Instruments) a medieval stringed instrument resembling a lute but having wire strings and a flat back. Compare gittern
[C16: perhaps a blend of cither + gittern]


(ˈsɪt ərn)

an old musical instrument related to the guitar, having a flat, pear-shaped soundbox and wire strings.
[1550–60; perhaps b. Latin cithara kithara and Middle French guiterne gittern]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cittern - a 16th century musical instrument resembling a guitar with a pear-shaped soundbox and wire stringscittern - a 16th century musical instrument resembling a guitar with a pear-shaped soundbox and wire strings
guitar - a stringed instrument usually having six strings; played by strumming or plucking
References in periodicals archive ?
Other works of his--the wedding motet Dejz tobe Pan Buh stesti (God Bless You), to Czech lyrics, and the Latin motets Psallite Domino in cythara, Dies est laetitiae and Qui vult venire--have only been preserved in the version for one voice, in a manuscript of Prague provenience, which also contains unique pieces by other Rudolfine composers (Philippe de Monte, Charles Luython) and which today is deposited at the Czech Museum of Music.
Confitemini domino in cythara: in psalterio decem cordarum psallite illi.
Este es el caso, por ejemplo, de los distintos parnasos escritos en el siglo xvii: La Vega del Parnaso de Lope (1637), el calderoniano El sacro Parnaso, los Parnasos a lo divino Sacro Monte Parnaso, de las mvsas catolicas de los Reynos de Espana en elogio a San Francisco Xavier, de la compania de Jesus (Valencia, Francisco Mestre, 1687), las miscelaneas Cythara de Apolo (Madrid, Francisco Sanz, 1681) y La Citara de Apolo y Parnaso en Aragon (Zaragoza, 1650) de Ambrosio Bondia.
(53) These two poems, Philomela and Cythara, must have appealed to the duke, for he had them copied into a book of prayers and religious treatises, Paris, Bibliotheque nationale de France, MS lat.
Certain manuscripts of the book tell how there were three Sirens, the one making music with a cythara, the second with a lyre, and the third with a human voice.
The octave division here is based on the calculation presented in the table on p.276 of his treatise, from which a temperament is derived that has recently been described by Patrizio Barbieri.(42) Metius applied his system to stringed instruments, organ pipes and bell-making, singling out of the first group the cythara (with a string length with the pitch E as his starting-point) and the testudo (vibrating string length on G); possibly the second model--that at the bottom of illus.10--was more appropriate for this instrument.
musette d'Allemaigne, cornet d'Allemaigne, l'eschaquir d'Engletre, chevrecte d'Esclavonnie, cythara teutonica and cythara anglica, rabe morisco, guitarra morisca and guitarra latina, guitarra sarracenica, cor sarrazinios, cornet sarrazinoas, but also the ala bohemica or fleuthe de Behaingne.