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 (sĭ-thîr′ə, sĭth′ər-ə) also Ky·thi·ra (kē′thē-rä′)
An island of southern Greece in the Mediterranean Sea south of the Peloponnesus. Southernmost of the Ionian Islands, it was the chief center for the worship of Aphrodite.


1. (Placename) a Greek island off the SE coast of the Peloponnese: in ancient times a centre of the worship of Aphrodite. Pop: 3354 (2001). Area: about 285 sq km (110 sq miles)
2. (Placename) the chief town of this island, on the S coast. Pop: 297 (2001)
Modern Greek name: Kíthira


(ˈki θər ə, -θəˌrɑ)

also Cythera

a Greek island in the Mediterranean, S of Peloponnesus: site in ancient times of temple of Aphrodite.
References in classic literature ?
First she drew near holy Cythera, and from there, afterwards, she came to sea-girt Cyprus, and came forth an awful and lovely goddess, and grass grew up about her beneath her shapely feet.
His face was wrinkled and his hair silvered; but an intelligent observer would have recognized at once the stigmata of passion and the furrows of pleasure which appeared in the crow's-feet and the marches-du-palais, so prized at the court of Cythera.
I should have got home at that time unharmed had not the North wind and the currents been against me as I was doubling Cape Malea, and set me off my course hard by the island of Cythera.
He gave it to Amphidamas of Cythera to take to Scandea, and Amphidamas gave it as a guest-gift to Molus, who gave it to his son Meriones; and now it was set upon the head of Ulysses.
He looked himself over in a mirror, admitting honestly that though he did very well as a politician he was a wreck on the shores of Cythera.
Biisser sets the first and last stanza of this text, which describes Jean-Antoine Watteau's painting Pilgrimage to Cythera as "soft," "gentle," and "melancholic" (Samain poem, stanza 2).
Adamantia Koroni, deputy head of a hoteliers' association on the nearby island of Cythera, said about 40,000 visitors and residents were left without power on the popular tourist destination "probably until Sunday", and four hotels were forced to share one generator.
Paphian Cythera [Aphrodite] came through the sea to Knidos Wishing to see her own image.
The menu follows tradition while the main ingredients are fish, seafood, honey and salt from Cythera.
Hecht heads the poem with an epigraph from Baudelaire's Journals and concludes by borrowing a frightful image from Baudelaire's "Voyage to Cythera," in which a ferocious bird, perched on the gibbet of a hanged man, has drilled out his hollowed eyes.
Meanwhile, the Athenians, holding hostage the prisoners taken from Sphacteria, believed they could attack almost anywhere (Corinth, the Peloponnesian coast, Anactorium, Cythera, Megara, or elsewhere) with impunity, for if they had a setback, they believed, they could always negotiate at that time from a position of strength (4.
One last glimpse and I feel I could slip away as happy as if I were embarking for--I nearly said Cythera, decidedly it is time for this to stop.