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 (ə-răb′ə-nōs′, ăr′ə-bə-)
A pentose sugar, C5H10O5, obtained from plant polysaccharides such as gums and hemicelluloses.

[(gum) arab(ic) + -in + -ose.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(əˈræbɪˌnəʊz; -ˌnəʊs)
(Elements & Compounds) a pentose sugar in plant gums, esp of cedars and pines. It is used as a culture medium in bacteriology. Formula: C5H10O5
[C19: from arabin (from (gum) arab(ic) + -in) + -ose2]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(əˈræb əˌnoʊs)

a white, crystalline solid, C5H10O5, used esp. as a culture medium in bacteriology.
[1880–85; arabin the soluble essence of certain gums = ((gum) arab(ic) + -in1) + -ose2]
a•rab`i•nos′ic (-ˈnɒs ɪk) adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Haplotypes were tested by API 50CHB strips (BioMerieux, Inc., France) for utilization of the following substrates: glycerol, erythritol, D-arabinose, L-arabinose, ribose, D-xylose, L-xylose, Adonitol, B-methyl xyloside, galactose, glucose, fructose, mannose, L-sorbose, rhamnose, dulcitol, inositol, sorbitol, mannitol, L-methyl-D-mannoside, D-methyl-D-glucoside, N-acetylglucosamine, amygdalin, arbutin, aesculin, salicin, cellobiose, maltose, lactose, sucrose, Trehalose, gentiobiose, melibiose, raffinose, melezitose, starch, glycogen, inulin, D-turanose, D-tagatose, D-fucose, L-fucose, D-lyxose, D-arabitol, L-arabitol, xylitol, gluconate, and 2,5-ketogluconate.
Conversion of D-arabinose to D-erythroascorbic acid and oxalic acid in Sclerotinia sclerotiorum.
* Utilization of carbon substrate: D-glucose, D-xylose, L-rhamnose, Dgalactose, D-arabinose, lactose, cellulose, sucrose, D-mannitol and sodium citrate.