glucosamine

(redirected from D-glucosamine)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.
Related to D-glucosamine: D-glucuronic acid

glu·co·sa·mine

 (glo͞o-kō′sə-mēn′, glo͞o′kō-)
n.
An amino derivative of glucose, C6H13NO5, in which an amino group replaces a hydroxyl group. It is a component of many polysaccharides and the basic structural unit of chitin, and is used as an over-the-counter dietary supplement alone or in combination with chondroitin for treatment of joint pain in arthritis.

glucosamine

(ɡluːˈkəʊzˈəmiːn)
n
1. (Elements & Compounds) the amino derivative of glucose that occurs in chitin. It has been used in some herbal remedies
2. (Complementary Medicine) the amino derivative of glucose that occurs in chitin. It has been used in some herbal remedies

glu•co•sa•mine

(gluˈkoʊ səˌmin, -mɪn)

n.
an amino sugar occurring in many polysaccharides of vertebrate tissue and also as the major component of chitin.
[1880–85; glucose + -amine]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.glucosamine - an amino derivative of glucose that is a component of many polysaccharides
amino, amino group - the radical -NH2
chitin - a tough semitransparent horny substance; the principal component of the exoskeletons of arthropods and the cell walls of certain fungi
glucose - a monosaccharide sugar that has several forms; an important source of physiological energy
polyose, polysaccharide - any of a class of carbohydrates whose molecules contain chains of monosaccharide molecules
Translations

glucosamine

n glucosamina
References in periodicals archive ?
Chitosan is a natural polymer isolated from the shells of crustaceans and is a linear polysaccharide composed of randomly distributed D-glucosamine and N-acetyl-D-glucosamine.
Chitin, a cationic polysaccharide, is a copolymer of N-acetyl-D-glucosamine and D-glucosamine, where N-acetyl-D-glucosamine units are predominant in the polymeric chain.
The antioxidative and immunostimulating properties of d-glucosamine.
Deacetylated chitin, or chitosan, is comprised of chains of D-glucosamine.