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A crystalline monosaccharide, C5H10O5, that is a component of most hemicelluloses in plants. Also called wood sugar.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ˈzaɪləʊz; -ləʊs)
(Elements & Compounds) a white crystalline dextrorotatory sugar found in the form of xylan in wood and straw. It is extracted by hydrolysis with acids and used in dyeing, tanning, and in foods for diabetics. Formula: C5H10O5
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈzaɪ loʊs)

a colorless pentose sugar, C5H10O5, used in dyeing, tanning, and diabetic foods.
[1890–95; < Greek xýl(on) wood + -ose2]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.xylose - a sugar extracted from wood or straw; used in foods for diabetics
carbohydrate, saccharide, sugar - an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals; includes simple sugars with small molecules as well as macromolecular substances; are classified according to the number of monosaccharide groups they contain
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References in periodicals archive ?
M2 PRESSWIRE-August 22, 2019-: D-Xylose Market Status, Growth Opportunity, Key Market And Key Players till 2028 | Radiant Insights, Inc.
The term covers a range of non cellulose polysaccharides composed, in various proportions, of monosaccharide units such as D-xylose, D-mannose, D-glucose, L-arabinose, D-galactose, D-glucuronic acid and D-galacturonic acid.
Glucose isomerase, also known as D-glucose isomerase and D-xylose isomerase, is the intracellular enzyme which catalyzes the isomerization of glucose to fructose and xylose to xylulose; therefore, it accelerates the sweetness of food product and plays an important role is HFCS production.
Calibration was performed with standard solutions of L-arabinose, D-glucose, D-xylose, D-mannose, D-galactose, glucuronic acid, and galacturonic acids.
The D-xylose assay measures the absorptive capacity of the small intestine and is used to determine whether defects in the intestinal epithelium are responsible for malabsorption of drugs or nutrients.
Nutritional value of d-xylose and 1-arabinose for broiler chicks.
nidulans xlnD gene was induced by xylan and D-xylose but repressed by D-glucose.
Historically, screening for celiac disease has been performed with a diagnostic test for malabsorption (D-xylose) or serological tests for anti-endomysial antibodies (anti-EMA) and anti-gliadin antibodies (AGA).
Xylitol production from D-xylose and horticultural waste hemicellulosic hydrolysate by a new isolate of Candida athensensis SB18.
The group B strain ZZU 16 could not produce acid from ribose or D-xylose, making it different from groups A and C.