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A crystalline monosaccharide, C5H10O5, that is a component of most hemicelluloses in plants. Also called wood sugar.


(ˈzaɪləʊz; -ləʊs)
(Elements & Compounds) a white crystalline dextrorotatory sugar found in the form of xylan in wood and straw. It is extracted by hydrolysis with acids and used in dyeing, tanning, and in foods for diabetics. Formula: C5H10O5


(ˈzaɪ loʊs)

a colorless pentose sugar, C5H10O5, used in dyeing, tanning, and diabetic foods.
[1890–95; < Greek xýl(on) wood + -ose2]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.xylose - a sugar extracted from wood or straw; used in foods for diabetics
carbohydrate, saccharide, sugar - an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals; includes simple sugars with small molecules as well as macromolecular substances; are classified according to the number of monosaccharide groups they contain
References in periodicals archive ?
Nutritional value of d-xylose and 1-arabinose for broiler chicks.
nidulans xlnD gene was induced by xylan and D-xylose but repressed by D-glucose.
Xylitol production from D-xylose and horticultural waste hemicellulosic hydrolysate by a new isolate of Candida athensensis SB18.
The group B strain ZZU 16 could not produce acid from ribose or D-xylose, making it different from groups A and C.
Fermentation of D-xylose by yeasts using glucose isomerase in the medium to convert D-xylose to D-xylulose, Biotechnology Letters, 2: 273-278.
05) plasma D-xylose, whereas broilers fed FBN diets led to lower (Pless than 0.
This yeast cannot metabolize D-xylose however it can utilize D- xylulose the isomerization product of xylose (Wang and Schneider 1980).
The patients were undergone stool examination, proctosigmoidoscopy, colonic swab of Entamoeba histolytica, faecal fat excretion, D-Xylose absorption test, serum proteins and jejunal biopsy.
In the case of high fructose corn syrup, another bacterial enzyme, D-xylose isomerase, is used to convert some of the glucose into fructose.
Hemicellulose is composed of linear and branched heteropolymers of L-arabinose, D-galactose, D-glucose, D-mannose and D-xylose.
Health Canada Issued Important Safety Information on Possible interference of icodextrin, intravenous immunoglobulins, galactose and d-xylose with certain blood glucose monitors.