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Dictionary of American Regional English


v. dared, dar·ing, dares
1. To have the courage required for: The gymnast dared a breathtakingly difficult move.
2. To challenge (someone) to do something requiring boldness: They dared me to dive off the high board.
3. To confront boldly; brave: dared the dizzying heights of the mountain. See Synonyms at defy.
To be courageous or bold enough to do or try something: Go ahead and dive if you dare.
To be courageous or bold enough to: I dare not say. How dare she go?
An act of daring; a challenge.

[Middle English daren, from Old English dearr, first and third person sing. present indicative of durran, to venture, dare; see dhers- in Indo-European roots.]

dar′er n.
Usage Note: Depending on its sense, the verb dare sometimes behaves like an auxiliary verb (such as can or may) and sometimes like a main verb (such as want or try). When used as an auxiliary verb, dare does not change to agree with its subject: He dare not do that again. It also does not combine with do in questions, negations, or certain other constructions: Dare we tell her the truth? I dare not mention their names. Finally, it does not take to before the verb that follows it: If you dare breathe a word about it, I'll never speak to you again. When used as a main verb, dare does agree with its subject (If he dares to show up at her house I'll be surprised), and it does combine with do (Did anyone dare to admit it?). It may optionally take to before the verb following it: No one dares (or dares to) speak freely about the political situation. The auxiliary forms differ subtly in meaning from the main verb forms in that they emphasize the attitude or involvement of the speaker while the main verb forms present a more objective situation. Thus How dare you operate this machinery without proper training? expresses indignation at the action, whereas How do you dare to operate this machinery without proper training? is a genuine request for information. When dare is used as a transitive verb meaning "challenge," only main verb forms are possible and to is required: Anyone who dares him to attempt it will be sorry.


1. (tr) to challenge (a person to do something) as proof of courage
2. (can take an infinitive with or without to) to be courageous enough to try (to do something): she dares to dress differently from the others; you wouldn't dare!.
3. (tr) rare to oppose without fear; defy
4. I dare say I daresay
a. (it is) quite possible (that)
b. probably: used as sentence substitute
5. a challenge to do something as proof of courage
6. something done in response to such a challenge
[Old English durran; related to Old High German turran to venture]
ˈdarer n
Usage: When used negatively or interrogatively, dare does not usually add -s: he dare not come; dare she come? When used negatively in the past tense, however, dare usually adds -d: he dared not come



v. dared, daring; pres. sing. 3rd pers. dares dare, v.i.
1. to have the necessary courage or boldness for something; be bold enough: You wouldn't dare!
2. to have the boldness to try; venture; hazard.
3. to meet defiantly; face courageously.
4. to challenge or provoke (a person) into a demonstration of courage: I dare you to climb that.
auxiliary v.
5. to have the necessary courage or boldness to (used chiefly in questions and negatives): How dare you speak to me like that? He dare not mention the subject again.
6. an act of daring or defiance; challenge.
dare say, daresay.
[before 900; Middle English dar (v.), Old English dear(r), derivative of durran]
dar′er, n.



Virginia, 1587–?, first child born of English parents in the Western Hemisphere.


1. used as an intransitive verb

If you dare to do something, you have the courage to do it. You use dare on its own, or with an infinitive with or without to.

I went to see him as often as I dared.
It's remarkable that she dared to be so honest.

In this meaning, dare is often used in negative sentences and questions.

If someone daren't do something, they don't have enough courage to do it.

I daren't ring Jeremy again.

In American English, the contraction 'daren't' is not used. American English uses the full form dare not instead.

I dare not leave you here alone.

Be Careful!
You must use an infinitive without to after daren't and dare not. Don't say, for example, 'I daren't to ring Jeremy again'.

If you are talking about the past, you say that someone did not dare do something or didn't dare do something. After did not dare and didn't dare you can use an infinitive with or without to.

She did not dare leave the path.
I didn't dare to speak or move.

In formal writing, you can say that someone dares not do something. Dare not is always followed by an infinitive without to.

He dared not show that he was afraid.

In other kinds of negative sentence, you can use an infinitive with or without to after dare.

No one dares disturb him.
No other manager dared to compete.

In yes/no-questions, you put the base form dare in front of the subject without using an auxiliary verb or modal. After the subject, you use an infinitive without to.

Dare she go in?

In wh-questions, you use a modal such as would in front of dare. After dare, you use an infinitive with or without to.

Who will dare to tell him?
What bank would dare offer such terms?
2. used as a transitive verb

If you dare someone to do something, you challenge them to prove that they are not frightened of doing it.

I dare you to swim across the lake.
She glared at Simon, daring him to disagree.
3. 'I dare say'

You say I dare say or I daresay to show that you think that something is probably true.

It's worth a few pounds, I dare say, but no more.
Well, I daresay you've spent all your money by now.

Be Careful!
I dare say is a fixed phrase. Don't say, for example, 'You dare say' or 'I dare to say'.


Past participle: dared
Gerund: daring

I dare
you dare
he/she/it dares
we dare
you dare
they dare
I dared
you dared
he/she/it dared
we dared
you dared
they dared
Present Continuous
I am daring
you are daring
he/she/it is daring
we are daring
you are daring
they are daring
Present Perfect
I have dared
you have dared
he/she/it has dared
we have dared
you have dared
they have dared
Past Continuous
I was daring
you were daring
he/she/it was daring
we were daring
you were daring
they were daring
Past Perfect
I had dared
you had dared
he/she/it had dared
we had dared
you had dared
they had dared
I will dare
you will dare
he/she/it will dare
we will dare
you will dare
they will dare
Future Perfect
I will have dared
you will have dared
he/she/it will have dared
we will have dared
you will have dared
they will have dared
Future Continuous
I will be daring
you will be daring
he/she/it will be daring
we will be daring
you will be daring
they will be daring
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been daring
you have been daring
he/she/it has been daring
we have been daring
you have been daring
they have been daring
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been daring
you will have been daring
he/she/it will have been daring
we will have been daring
you will have been daring
they will have been daring
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been daring
you had been daring
he/she/it had been daring
we had been daring
you had been daring
they had been daring
I would dare
you would dare
he/she/it would dare
we would dare
you would dare
they would dare
Past Conditional
I would have dared
you would have dared
he/she/it would have dared
we would have dared
you would have dared
they would have dared
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.dare - a challenge to do something dangerous or foolhardydare - a challenge to do something dangerous or foolhardy; "he could never refuse a dare"
challenge - a call to engage in a contest or fight
Verb1.dare - take upon oneselfdare - take upon oneself; act presumptuously, without permission; "How dare you call my lawyer?"
act, move - perform an action, or work out or perform (an action); "think before you act"; "We must move quickly"; "The governor should act on the new energy bill"; "The nanny acted quickly by grabbing the toddler and covering him with a wet towel"
2.dare - to be courageous enough to try or do something; "I don't dare call him", "she dares to dress differently from the others"
act, move - perform an action, or work out or perform (an action); "think before you act"; "We must move quickly"; "The governor should act on the new energy bill"; "The nanny acted quickly by grabbing the toddler and covering him with a wet towel"
3.dare - challenge; "I dare you!"
brazen - face with defiance or impudence; "brazen it out"
challenge - issue a challenge to; "Fischer challenged Spassky to a match"


1. risk doing, venture, have the courage, have the nerve, be brave enough, presume, have the audacity, make bold (archaic), hazard doing, brave doing, be so bold as, take the liberty of doing I didn't dare to tell my uncle what had happened.
2. challenge, provoke, defy, taunt, goad, throw down the gauntlet She dared me to ask him out.
I dare say or I daresay probably, perhaps, maybe, likely, possibly, most likely, doubtless, in all probability, in all likelihood, perchance (archaic), as likely as not People think I'm a fool, and I dare say they're right.
"Who dares wins" Motto of the British SAS regiment


1. To have the courage to put forward, as an idea, especially when rebuff or criticism is likely:
2. To call on another to do something requiring boldness:
3. To confront boldly and courageously:
Idioms: fly in the face of, snap one's fingers at, stand up to, thumb one's nose at.
An act of taunting another to do something bold or rash:
تَحَدٍّيَتَحَدّىيَجْرُؤُيَجْرُؤ، يَتَجاسَر
odvážit setroufnout sivýzvavyzvat
usuditi se
áskorunmanaòora, voga
감히 ...하다
aš manaudrįstiišdrįstinutrūktgalvispasiutęs
izzvatiupati si
cüret etmekhodri meydan demekmeydan okumameydan okumakcesaret etmek


A. N (= challenge) → reto m, desafío m
I did it for a dareme retaron, por eso lo hice
1. (= challenge) → desafiar, retar
to dare sb to do sthdesafiar or retar a algn a hacer algo
I dare you!¡a que no te atreves!
2. (= be so bold) → atreverse
to dare (to) do sthatreverse a hacer algo
I daren'tno me atrevo
I daren't tell himno me atrevo a decírselo
how dare you!¡cómo te atreves!, ¡qué cara!
don't or just you dare!¡ni se te ocurra!
3. I dare say (= in my opinion) → en mi opinión; (= possibly) → puede ser, tal vez
I dare say thatno me sorprendería que + subjun
I dare say you're tiredsupongo que estás cansado
dare I say itme atrevería a decir
4. (liter) [+ sb's anger] → hacer frente a


to dare sb to do sth → défier qn de faire qch
I dare you to ... → je te défie de ...
modal aux vb
(= have enough courage) → oser
to dare do sth → oser faire qch
I daren't tell him (British)Je n'ose pas le lui dire.
to dare to do sth → oser faire qch
I didn't dare to tell my parents → Je n'ai pas osé le dire à mes parents.
(forbidding, scolding) don't you dare! → que je ne t'y prenne pas
Don't you speak to me like that. Don't you dare
BUT Ne me parle pas comme ça. Je te l'interdis.
don't you dare go ... → je t'interdis d'aller ...
how dare you! → comment osez-vous!
How dare you listen to my conversations! → Comment osez-vous écouter mes conversations!
I dare say (that) ... (= I suppose) → je suppose que ...
I dare say it'll be okay → Je suppose que ça va aller. (= I expect) → je suppose que ...
I dare say he'll turn up
BUT Il viendra sans doute.
dare I say it (= excuse me for saying this) → si je puis me permettre
ndéfi m
to do sth for a dare → faire qch pour relever un défi


vi (= be bold enough)es wagen; (= have the confidence)sich trauen; you/he wouldn’t dare!du wirst dich/er wird sich schwer hüten; you dare!untersteh dich!; how dare you!was fällt dir ein!
to dare (to) do something(es) wagen, etw zu tun, sich trauen, etw zu tun; I didn’t dare (to) go upstairsich habe mich nicht getraut, die Treppe hinaufzugehen, ich habe mich nicht die Treppe hinauf getraut; he wouldn’t dare say anything bad about his bosser wird sich hüten or sich unterstehen, etwas Schlechtes über seinen Chef zu sagen; he dare not or daren’t do itdas wagt er nicht!; she dares to dress differently (from the others)sie hat den Mut, sich anders (als die anderen) anzuziehen; how dare you say such things?wie kannst du es wagen or was unterstehst du dich, so etwas zu sagen?; don’t you dare say that to meuntersteh dich, das zu mir zu sagen; dare you do it?trauen Sie sich?
I dare say it gets quite cold hereich könnte mir denken, dass es hier ziemlich kalt wird; I dare say he’ll be therees kann (gut) sein, dass er dort sein wird; he’s bound to be there — I dare sayer ist sicher dort — das kann gut sein; he was very sorry — I dare sayes tat ihm sehr leid — das glaube ich gerne
(= challenge) go on, I dare you!(trau dich doch, du) Feigling!; are you daring me?wetten, dass? (inf); (I) dare you to jump offspring doch, du Feigling!
(rare, = face the risk of) → riskieren; dangertrotzen (+dat)
nMutprobe f; to do something for a dareetw als Mutprobe tun


1. vt
to dare (to) do sth → osare fare qc
I don't dare tell him (Brit) I daren't tell him → non oso dirglielo
how dare you! → come si permette!, come osa!
b. I dare sayimmagino
I dare say he'll turn up → immagino che spunterà
c. (challenge) to dare (sb to do sth)sfidare (qn a fare qc)
I dare you! → ti sfido a farlo!
to dare death/sb's anger → sfidare la morte/l'ira di qn
2. nsfida
I did it for a dare → l'ho fatto per scommessa


(deə) negative short form daren't verb
1. to be brave enough (to do something). I daren't go; I don't dare (to) go; He wouldn't dare do a thing like that; Don't you dare say such a thing again!
2. to challenge. I dare you to do it.
a challenge. He went into the lion's cage for a dare.
ˈdaring adjective
bold; courageous. He was a daring pilot; a daring attempt to rescue the climber.
boldness. We admired his daring.
ˈdare-devil noun
a bold or reckless person.
a dare-devil motorcyclist.
I dare say (also I ˌdareˈsay)
I suppose (so). I dare say you're right; `Will you be there?' `Oh, I daresay.


يَجْرُؤُ troufnout si vove wagen τολμώ atreverse uskaltaa oser usuditi se osare 思い切って・・・する 감히 ...하다 durven våge ośmielić się ousar осмеливаться våga กล้า cüret etmek dám 敢于


v. atreverse, arriesgarse.
References in classic literature ?
She had wintered at Davos Platz, and was journeying now to join her friends at Lucerne, when a sudden hemorrhage had overtaken her.
In addition to spots around CNN's daily television coverage from Davos, the EDB sponsor a series of vignettes entitled The Agenda and Davos Debrief airing throughout CNN's coverage to offer viewers insights into the Davos programme and quick turnaround reactions to meetings.
But Ozawa said at a press conference Tuesday he had never finalized his decision to go to Davos and was only considering the possibility of going while taking into account the ''tense situation'' in Japan's parliament whose regular session got under way last Friday.
In fact, Davos Life Science leverages its strong scientific and technology base and assigns a high priority to advanced R & D, as well as state-of-the-art plants and equipment to ensure environmentally safe and quality-minded production.
In appearance Klosters is completely different from Davos which is no chocolate box.
La edicion 2005 de Davos no logro los alcances mediaticos de otros anos aunque los temas de actualidad impregnaron las deliberaciones y los encuentros de los "lideres mundiales": desde el desastre ambiental manifiesto de modo apocaliptico por el tsunami que asolo el sur de Asia con un saldo aproximado de 280 mil muertos, hasta el hambre mundial, la pobreza y el sida en Africa, cuyas raices son ignoradas por quienes detentan el poder economico que, como fruto de la expoliacion y colonialismo, marco hasta la fecha al continente negro con el sello de la hambruna y la pauperizacion de millones de personas.
To be sure, the purpose of Davos had more to do with economic security than world justice.
Yet it was Figueres, representing the corporate world that meets in the Swiss resort of Davos each year, who sounded like the socialist arguing for change.
Although the party of Porto Alegre has larger conventions, the party of Davos remains in power almost everywhere.
But Njehu, who joined a diverse group of 11 other WSF panelists, responded that the UN officials had chosen what side to be on and were only "bluewashing" the corporations' track record; during Davos the UN announced it would expand its Global Business Compact to 1,000 companies by 2002.
This provides shade and acts as a balcony from which to take the view and the air, a clear reference to rural alpine typologies with south-facing galleries which eventually evolved into the sun terraces of the Davos sanitaria.