recombinant DNA

(redirected from DNA recombination)
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Related to DNA recombination: Homologous recombination

recombinant DNA

n. Abbr. rDNA
Genetically engineered DNA prepared by transplanting or splicing genes from one species into the cells of a host organism of a different species. Such DNA becomes part of the host's genetic makeup and is replicated.

recombinant DNA

n
(Genetics) genetics DNA molecules that are extracted from different sources and chemically joined together; for example DNA comprising an animal gene may be recombined with DNA from a bacterium

recombinant DNA


n.
DNA in which one or more segments or genes have been inserted, either naturally or by laboratory manipulation, from a different molecule or from another part of the same molecule, resulting in a new genetic combination.
[1970–75]

re·com·bi·nant DNA

(rē-kŏm′bə-nənt)
A form of DNA produced by combining genetic material from two different sources by means of genetic engineering. Recombinant DNA can be used to change the genetic makeup of a cell, as in adding a gene to make a bacterial cell produce insulin.

recombinant DNA

a DNA molecule in which the genetic material has been artificially broken down so that genes from another organism can be intro-duced and the molecule then recombined, the result being alterations in the genetic characteristics of the original molecule.
See also: Heredity
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.recombinant DNA - genetically engineered DNA made by recombining fragments of DNA from different organisms
deoxyribonucleic acid, desoxyribonucleic acid, DNA - (biochemistry) a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and formed from nucleotides and shaped like a double helix; associated with the transmission of genetic information; "DNA is the king of molecules"
Translations
ADN recombiné
References in periodicals archive ?
Together, they aid in DNA recombination and damage repair.
The Suffolk, Virginia, native researched a protein involved in DNA recombination and its function in cell development.<br />U.S.
This system of repairing incorrectly paired nitrogen bases removes errors that emerged during DNA replication, or improper base pairs formed as a result of DNA recombination. MMR corrects errors caused by spontaneous or induced deamination, oxidation or methylation of nitrogenous bases.
Site-specific DNA recombination in mammalian cells by the Cre recombinase of bacteriophage P1.
As for applications of the analytical structure, he proves the generalized Hyers-Ulam stability of the Cauchy additive functional equation f(x [direct sum] y) = f(x) [direct sum] f(y) in tangle space which is a set of real tangles with analytic structure and describes the DNA recombination as the action of some enzymes on tangle space.
Casali, "Immunoglobulin class-switch DNA recombination: induction, targeting and beyond," Nature Reviews Immunology, vol.