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A river of south-central Europe rising in southwest Germany and flowing about 2,850 km (1,770 mi) southeast through Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, and the Balkan Peninsula to the Black Sea. It has been a major trade route since the Middle Ages.

Dan·u′bi·an adj.
Word History: Across Europe, from Russia to England, there are rivers with names beginning with a d and also containing an n: the Don, the Dnieper, and the Dniester of Russia and Ukraine, the Danube of central Europe, and the six rivers called Don in Britain. All of these names come from the Proto-Indo-European word *dānu-, meaning "river" and derived from the root *dā- "to flow, flowing." In Avestan, the earliest Iranian language we know, dānu- means "river, stream." In modern Ossetic (the language of the Ossets, descendants of the Scythians, an Iranian tribe of the Russian steppes), don means "river, stream." This word appears in the name of the Don River of Russia. Dnieper and Dniester (earlier Danapris and Danastius, respectively) come from Scythian Dānu apara and Dānu nazdya ("the river in the rear" and "the river in front," respectively). The name of the six rivers called Don in Britain comes from the Celtic version of the "river" word, also *dānu-. This Celtic word survives more or less intact in the name of the Danube, which was called Dānuvius by the Romans. The presence of Celtic river names both in central Europe and in Britain attests to the Celts' earlier glory, and recalls a time when Celtic languages were spoken across Europe from the valley of the Danube in the east to Spain and Ireland in the west.


(Placename) of or relating to the river Danube
References in classic literature ?
Emmy had passed blushing through the room anon, where all sorts of people were collected; Tyrolese glove-sellers and Danubian linen-merchants, with their packs; students recruiting themselves with butterbrods and meat; idlers, playing cards or dominoes on the sloppy, beery tables; tumblers refreshing during the cessation of their performances--in a word, all the fumum and strepitus of a German inn in fair time.
In the Danubian lands of Hungary, Austria, and Bavaria, nationalism is on the rise.
In the Danubian lands of Hungary, Austria and Bavaria, nationalism is on the rise.
The downstream stretch of the River Jihlava has been monitored regularly for some time now due to the recent occurrence of another rare species, the Danubian whitefin gudgeon Romanogobio vladykovi.
The legionary valetudinarium at Novae in comparation with other Danubian Hospitals.
Britain and Interwar Danubian Europe: Foreign Policy and Security Challenges, 1919-1936
The great Italian scholar of Central Europe, Claudio Magris, refers to Tito in his epic travel book, Danube, as the last of the Hapsburg emperors, resembling Franz Joseph "because of his awareness of inheriting a supranational, Danubian legacy".
The wind will be little and in Danubian Plain a moderate from east-northeast.
An editorial stated: "Hitler hopes to obtain access within a few years to the wheat, oil, and metals of the Danubian and Balkan countries, and of the Ukraine, which would put him on an even footing with the democracies with respect to raw materials" (Toronto Daily Star, 24 Aug.
Moreover, the second part is dedicated to the Romanian contributions to the European idea: from Aurel Popovici's federal plan to the Danubian Confederation Plan, to the Economic Community of the Little Entente and last but not least, to the Balkan Entente as an effective model of federal association.
One has to wait until chapter 4 to find a description of the frontiers: the Baltic littoral (295-301); the Danubian frontier (301-14); the Pontic steppe (347-71); the Caucasian isthmus (371-94); Trans-Caspia (395-415); Inner Asia (415-23).