Revisited: Territoriality in Contemporary Islamic Legal Discourse on Muslims in the West
If not then the KDF troops over there will always be considered infidels in Dar al-Islam
. Citizens must be encouraged to participate in politics.
The lexicon used by mainstream IR to research the Muslim world is limited to the issue of Jihad (holy war) and the presumed tripartite division of the world into dar al-harb (abode of war), dar al-Islam
(abode of Islam) and dar al-Sulh (abode of temporary peace), which is limiting in itself by drawing on the western binaries of a world oscillating between conditions of war (anarchy and state of nature as operative forces) and peace.
For al-Qaeda, it is about driving the Crusaders out of the Dar al-Islam
. For the Turks, it is, as always, about the Kurds.
In the Sahel-Sahara region today, core ideological concepts that animated the historical jihads of the 19th Century--including ideas about takfir (excommunication), Dar al-Islam
(abode of Islam), Dar al-Kufr (abode of unbelief), hijrah (migration), and al-wala' wa-l-bara' (fealty and disavowal)--can be found in contemporary Salafist ideologies, and have been appropriated by present-day groups like Boko Haram and Al-Qaeda to justify their campaigns.
al-Qaradawi, on the other hand, suggests a much more applied set of ideas that should serve as the conceptual toolbox of a jurist of Muslim minorities, including (1) the twin notions of tayseer (leniency/facilitation in issuing religious rulings) and tabshir (spread of Islam gradually and through pleasant treatment of non-Muslims); (2) maslaha (expediency, or a pragmatically defined common good); (3) another pair of terms: tawalla (loyalty) and tabarra (disavowment); (4) dar al-Islam
(abode of Islam), dar-al-harb (abode of war), and their new additions.
After two militant attacks in Paris killed 17 people in January last year, Islamic State's French-language magazine Dar al-Islam
appeared with the Eiffel Tower on the cover and the headline "May Allah curse France".
Unlike Islamists, the Hizmet does not divide the world into two -- dar al-harb and dar al-Islam
-- but sees it as a single entity which is dar al-Hizmet, meaning that Muslims can and actually must reside peacefully everywhere in the world and continually serve human kind by being good people and by investing their money, time, energy and endeavor into education, dialogue, media, publication, medicine and philanthropy.
"By promoting the core vision of a jihad to defend the lands of Islam (Dar al-Islam
) from outsiders, the CIA produced a hardened fighting force of thousands of young men displaced from their homes and stoked for battle.
Professor Shlaim wrote that the early Ottomans divided the world into two spheres: "Dar al-Islam
," the abode of Islam where the laws of Islam prevailed, and " Dar al-Harb", the abode of war where Muslims were enjoined to wage holy war, jihad, against infidels.
Wednesday's edition of Islamic State's online French-language magazine, Dar Al-Islam
, ran an edition on the attacks in Paris and included an interview with a woman who it said was Coulibaly's wife, although her name was not given.
This noun is derived from another noun, "ribat," which is a fortress on the frontier of the "dar al-Islam
" (lands already conquered by Islam) from which jihad is fought again infidels.