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A theory of biological evolution developed by Charles Darwin and others, stating that all species of organisms have developed from other species, primarily through natural selection. Also called Darwinian theory.

Dar′win·ist n.
Dar′win·is′tic adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ˈdɑːwɪˌnɪzəm) or

Darwinian theory

(Biology) the theory of the origin of animal and plant species by evolution through a process of natural selection. Compare Lamarckism See also Neo-Darwinism
ˈDarwinist, ˈDarwinite n, adj
ˌDarwinˈistic adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈdɑr wəˌnɪz əm)

the Darwinian theory that species originate by descent with slight variation from parent forms through the natural selection of individuals best adapted for survival and reproduction.
Dar′win•ist, n., adj.
Dar`win•is′tic, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


the theory of evolution by natural selection of those species best adapted to survive the struggle for existence. — Darwinian, n., ad).
See also: Evolution
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Darwinism - a theory of organic evolution claiming that new species arise and are perpetuated by natural selectionDarwinism - a theory of organic evolution claiming that new species arise and are perpetuated by natural selection
evolutionism, theory of evolution, theory of organic evolution - (biology) a scientific theory of the origin of species of plants and animals
neo-Darwinism - a modern Darwinian theory that explains new species in terms of genetic mutations
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


[ˈdɑːwɪnɪzəm] Ndarwinismo m
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005


nDarwinismus m
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007
References in classic literature ?
You have ventured to use the word `speculation' with regard to my statement upon the subject of Darwinism, and I would call your attention to the fact that such a word in such a connection is offensive to a degree.
Despite these reservations about detail, Darwinism Evolving is a very good book.
Although this is an idea with many long-term resonances for anthropology, it seems to me to be more usefully applied in relation to the natural than the human world, and certainly has little relevance to the Social Darwinism chapters.
And it is here - in his attempt to change the way intellectuals, both scientists and humanists - think about Darwinism, that his book fails.
There have been so many good books on Darwinism in the United States that one wonders on first picking up this one whether it is really needed.
There is scientific dissent from Darwinism. It deserves to be heard."
For doing so will mean that the government is giving preference to Social Darwinism over people's lives.
DARWINISM AS RELIGION: What Literature Tells Us about Evolution by Michael Ruse.
As in any other society, foreign ideas were interpreted and modified in accordance with the interests and circumstances of each group, and in this process different strands of Positivism, Darwinism, and social Darwinism were put together to create a sort of kaleidoscope which, mixed with liberal and local religious ideas, has been named Mexican Positivism.
Thus, in outlining a systematic theology of evolution throughout the book, Ruse argues that Darwinism is a secular, religious alternative to Christianity.
How long after Charles Darwin came up with the theory of evolution did the word Darwinism start being used?
Haeckel's Natural History of Creation (twelve editions: 1868-1920) became the chief source of the world's knowledge of Darwinism. Haeckel is credited with introducing into biology many concepts that remain viable today, including the idea that the nucleus of the cell contains hereditary material, as well as the concepts of phylogeny, ontogeny, ecology, and the stem cell.