ideas of reference

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Related to Delusions of reference: delusions of grandeur

ideas of reference

pl n
(Psychiatry) a schizophrenic symptom in which the patient thinks that things completely disconnected from him are influencing him or conveying messages to him
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On psychiatric examination, it was found that he had delusions of persecution and delusions of reference that he was being followed and he will be murdered, auditory hallucinations as speaking sounds which said "come here" and visual halluciantions as "soldiers".
The exploration and intervention revolve around three delusional ideas: influence and control ("My brain can be taken out; it can be manipulated, and they've inserted something in it to control me"), dispersal of one's thoughts ("People know what I'm thinking; they listen to my thoughts") and delusions of reference ("People around me are constantly talking about me; I can tell from their faces and their gestures").
According to this approach, the combination of these three biases (jumping to conclusions, attributional style, and theory of mind dysfunction) explains a bias in favor of confirmatory evidence, particularly for delusions of reference and persecution.