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Deng Xiao·ping(dŭng′ shou′pĭng′, shyou′-) also Teng Hsiao-ping (tŭng′ shyou′pĭng′, dŭng′) 1904-1997.
Chinese political leader who was the de facto ruler in the People's Republic of China from the late 1970s until 1989. He attempted to modernize the socialist system in China, but his reputation suffered due to his sanctioning of the army's violent suppression of the pro-democracy protest in Tiananmen Square (1989), and he officially retired shortly thereafter.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Deng Xiaoping(ˈdʌŋ ˈsjaʊpɪŋ) or
(Biography) 1904–97, Chinese Communist statesman; deputy prime minister (1973–76; 1977–80) and the dominant figure in the Chinese government from 1977 until his death. He was twice removed from office (1967–73, 1976–77) and rehabilitated. He introduced economic liberalization, but suppressed demands for political reform, most notably in 1989 when over 2500 demonstrators were killed by the military in Tiananmen Square in Beijing
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
Deng Xiao•ping(ˈdʌŋ ˌʃaʊˈpɪŋ)
1904–97, Chinese Communist leader.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.