Relative efficiency of biological transmission of Anaplasma marginale (Rickettsiales: Anaplasmataceae) by Dermacentor
andersoni (Acari: Ixodidae) compared with mechanical transmission by Stomoxys calcitrans (Diptera: Muscidae).
variabilis ticks can transmit the causative agent of Rocky Mountain spotted fever, and Ixodes scapularis ticks can transmit the causative agents of Lyme disease, babesiosis, and human granulocytic anaplasmosis (1).
CTF is caused by a coltivirus that is transmitted by infected Rocky Mountain wood ticks (Dermacentor
Haemaphysalis, Hyalomma, Dermacentor
, Rhipicephalus, Ixodes are of medical and veterinary importance (2,5).
Its distribution is limited to the Americas, where different tick species such as Dermacentor
, Rhipicephalus and Amblyomma are recognized as competent vectors.
(https://wagwalking.com/condition/tick-paralysis) Wag Walking reported tick paralysis was caused by salivary neurotoxin(s) produced by certain species of ticks including the American dog tick (Dermacentor
variabilis), Rocky Mountain wood tick (Dermacentor
andersoni), Lone star tick (Amblyomma americanum), Deer tick or Blacklegged tick (Ixodes scapularis).
Anaplasmosis as reported from different parts of the world was transmitted by ticks of the genera Boophilus, Dermacentor
, Rhipicephalus, Ixodes, Hyalomma, Argas and Ornithodoros (Khan et al., 2004).
Ixodes spp, Hyalomma spp., Haemaphysalis spp., Dermacentor
It protects against ticks: lone star tick (Amblyomma americanum), American dog tick (Dermacentor
variabilis), black-legged tick (Ixodes scapularis) and brown dog tick (Rhipicephalus sanguineus), as well as fleas (Ctenocephalides felis).
The preponderance of this mortality is attributed to blood loss from excessively high loads of winter ticks (Dermacentor
albipictus) (Jones et al.
Most cases in the US have been associated with bites from infected arthropods, commonly Amblyomma americanum (lone star tick), Dermacentor
variabilis (dog tick), and Dermacentor
andersoni (wood tick) [10, 11].