The point is not to reveal the essence or thingness of the object (Ding an sich
) but to regard as beautiful what alone is available to us, that is to say, the object or, more precisely, its appearance.
The relationship is complicated by the fact that human beings belong to both these worlds, but have limited access to them: 1) they can only sift through a limited number of physical phenomena, always therefore making selections of what to perceive with various degrees of attention and what not--and here a universal principle of economy seems to be operative; 2) for them the numina (Ding an Sich
, the Thing in Itself) are a) entirely inaccessible--Kant's notion that we in fact will never get to know the numina, instead we will get acquainted with them only by agency of the phenomena; or b) only partially accessible Plato spoke of anamnesis, i.e.
As Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) put it, we can never get beyond our perception of the phenomena to the Ding an sich
, the thing in itself.
The translation in English of Kant's Ding an sich
poses both linguistic and philosophical problems, linguistic in that the 'an sich has no direct equivalent in idiomatic English and so requires a shift in its semantic directionality from Kant's a-perspectival 'at itself towards the 'in itself,' threatening some form of essentialism.
This resulted in the excommunication of the Ding an sich
(thing in itself) from human experience, and simultaneously, in the reconceptualisation of both the subject and the object as products of the imagination (what the subject can imagine the object to be).
Schon ehe Nietzsche in den 80er Jahren zum Propheten des heraufziehenden Nihilismus als der Entwertung aller bisherigen Werte wurde und der sinnentleerten Welt einen neuen Sinn mittels der Verkundigung der ewigen Wiederkehr und des Ubermenschen zu geben, und schliesslich den Versuch unternahm, samtliche Prozesse der unbelebten und belebten Natur aus dem Willen zur Macht abzuleiten, hatte er die Brucken zur uberkommenen Metaphysik abgebrochen und den fur Kants und Schopenhauers Erkenntnistheorie fundamentalen Unterschied zwischen Erscheinung und Ding an sich
durch die Streichung des zweiten bestritten.
There is a notorious problem with Schopenhauer's identification of the Kantian thing-in-itself with Will: How can one truly predicate something of the Ding an sich
given adherence to Kantian strictures on knowledge?
Brecht's play itself remains aloof and elusive, untouched by recent scholarship, a Ding an sich
. Quite how this short book finds its way into the series 'Der neue Brecht'baffles me.
Anti-realists prepared to do without any Ding an sich
will be similarly unmoved.
There was nothing perfunctory about the 'Legacy' aspect of the exhibition either, but it could not hope to compare with the Ding an sich
All philosophers wanted to discover the philosopher's stone, but Kant discarded the grand plan of charting 'das Ding an sich