These 11 criteria include butterfly rash, discoid lupus
, photosensitivity, arthralgias, renal involvement, oral ulcers, serositis, hematological involvement, neurological involvement, immunological phenomena with positive anti-dsDNA antibody or anti-smith antibodies and positive ANA.
There are two kinds of lupus, discoid lupus
erythematosus (DLE) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).
Chronic cutaneous lupus, or discoid lupus
erythematosus (DLE), may occur independently of or in combination with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).
Therefore, a diagnosis of lupus vulgaris was made for the left helix; both earlobes were diagnosed with discoid lupus
erythematosus, and both thighs with papulonecrotic tuberculid.
and lymphopenia are frequent clinical features of SLE in patients of African descent.
Serologic and clinical features of patients with discoid lupus
erythematosus: relationship of antibodies to single-stranded deoxyribonucleic acid and of other antinuclear antibody subsets to clinical manifestations.
1 The sign is typical but nonspecific as it has also been described in several other conditions like, Waldenstorm's macroglobulinemia, angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma, drug-induced erythroderma, mycosis fungoides, acanthosis nigricans, discoid lupus
erythematosus, acute contact dermatitis and large plaque parapsoriasis.
German Shepherd Dogs and Collies are at special risk for another more common disease, discoid lupus
erythematosus (DLE) is a relatively common form of chronic cutaneous lupus, although its presentation in children is rare.
A previous exploratory study by the research group had shown that 60% of the 20 patients with subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus and discoid lupus
erythematosus studied had at least one psychiatric disorder.
It's staggering the amount of African American women who are deficient in vitamin D, [and] there is some soft evidence that perhaps vitamin D deficiency may be a culprit in some of the clinical signs of discoid lupus
erythematosus, [so] check the vitamin D and zinc levels.
There are two forms of lupus, systemic lupus, a chronic and currentlyincurable illness of the immune system where the body's defence mechanism begins to attack itself and discoid lupus
which is a condition of the skin alone and in a very few patients can develop into systemic lupus.