terpene

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Related to Diterpenes: Triterpenes, Sesquiterpenes

ter·pene

 (tûr′pēn′)
n.
Any of various unsaturated hydrocarbons, C10H16, found in essential oils and oleoresins of plants such as conifers and used in organic syntheses.

[Obsolete terp(entine), variant of turpentine + -ene.]

ter·pe′nic adj.
ter′pe·noid′ adj. & n.

terpene

(ˈtɜːpiːn)
n
(Elements & Compounds) any one of a class of unsaturated hydrocarbons, such as the carotenes, that are found in the essential oils of many plants. Their molecules contain isoprene units and have the general formula (C5H8)n
[C19: terp- from obsolete terpentine turpentine + -ene]
terˈpenic adj

ter•pene

(ˈtɜr pin)

n.
1. any of a class of monocyclic hydrocarbons of the formula C10H16, obtained from plants.
2. any of the oxygenated derivatives of this class.
[1870–75; terp(entine), earlier sp. of turpentine + -ene]
ter•pe′nic, adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.terpene - an unsaturated hydrocarbon obtained from plants
hydrocarbon - an organic compound containing only carbon and hydrogen
limonene - a liquid terpene with a lemon odor; found in lemons and oranges and other essential oils
References in periodicals archive ?
Test for diterpenes: A small quantity of extract was dissolved in 3ml distilled water.
Heteroxenia ghardaqensis are rich in sesquiterpenoids, ceramides, diterpenes, sterols and acylglycerols (Elshamy et al., 2015; Abdel-Razik et al., 2016) and possess many pharmacological activities such as antitumor nature, antiviral, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antifungal, antipyretic, hypoglycemic properties, protective effect against cadmium toxicity and antioxidant (Mohamed et al., 2012).
In this study, we illuminate the binding mode of pimarane diterpenes (diaporthein A and diaporthein B) to the NMD-1 by molecular docking.
Yew contains a mixture of alkaloids known as taxine, diterpenes, lignans and resin, it is toxic in all parts except the aril.
It was not just caffeine, but a mix of compounds including hydroxycinnamic acids notably chlorogenic acid, trigonelline, diterpenes eg cafestol and kahweol, and caffeic acid, that is said to be the reason behind the link, said Mattias Carlstrom, Associate Professor from the Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
-A number of potentially clinically relevant compounds are present in coffee, including: caffeine, hydroxycinnamic acids notably chlorogenic acid, trigonelline, diterpenes eg cafestol and kahweol, and caffeic acid ( ANI )
A total of 14 classes of secondary metabolites were investigated, viz., alkaloids, anthocyanins, anthraquinones, flavonoids, coumarins, anthracene derivatives, lignans, mono-, sesqui-, and diterpenes, naphthoquinones, saponins, water-soluble tannins, condensed tannins, xanthines, triperpenes and steroids.
The analysis in positive and negative ionization modes revealed the presence of 26 diterpenes skeletons as major components, of which 17 were characterized (Table 1).
pallida consists of alkanes (21.37%), aromatic compounds (6.26%), ketones (47.66%), sesquiterpenes (10.06%), diterpenes (5.9%), triterpenes (6.12%), accompanied by relatively smaller amounts of monoterpenes (1.16%) and fatty acids (0.88%).
The members of this family have a wide diversity of chemical compounds, including limonoids, triterpenes, steroids, diterpenes, sesquiterpenes and coumarins (Cortez et al., 2000; Lago et al., 2000, 2002; Soares et al., 2012; Scur et al., 2016).