terpene

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ter·pene

 (tûr′pēn′)
n.
Any of various unsaturated hydrocarbons, C10H16, found in essential oils and oleoresins of plants such as conifers and used in organic syntheses.

[Obsolete terp(entine), variant of turpentine + -ene.]

ter·pe′nic adj.
ter′pe·noid′ adj. & n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

terpene

(ˈtɜːpiːn)
n
(Elements & Compounds) any one of a class of unsaturated hydrocarbons, such as the carotenes, that are found in the essential oils of many plants. Their molecules contain isoprene units and have the general formula (C5H8)n
[C19: terp- from obsolete terpentine turpentine + -ene]
terˈpenic adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

ter•pene

(ˈtɜr pin)

n.
1. any of a class of monocyclic hydrocarbons of the formula C10H16, obtained from plants.
2. any of the oxygenated derivatives of this class.
[1870–75; terp(entine), earlier sp. of turpentine + -ene]
ter•pe′nic, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.terpene - an unsaturated hydrocarbon obtained from plants
hydrocarbon - an organic compound containing only carbon and hydrogen
limonene - a liquid terpene with a lemon odor; found in lemons and oranges and other essential oils
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Diterpinoid content ([micro]g/mg extract) of T2 has been characterised as 0.36 triptolide, 0.68 tripdiolide, 0.03 triptonide and 0.04 triptophenolide (Tao and Lipsky 2000).
Root extracts are therapeutically active and appear to induce fewer side effects than extracts from the leaves and stem of the herb and more than 70 compounds have been identified in the roots including diterpinoids, triterpinoids, sesquiterpinoids, alkaloids, [beta]-sitosterol, dulcitol and glycosides (Tao and Lipsky 2000).
Three diterpinoids in the plant, triptolide, tripdiolide and triptonide have been attributed with the major anti-inflammatory properties responsible for the effect of this traditional medicine.