dreams come true, a Thurmond administration would have done no more than revive Woodrow Wilson's racial policies.
In between, he ran for president in 1948 as a "States' Rights Democrat" under the Dixiecrat
Party banner, winning 39 electoral votes in the South and helping give voice to political sentiments that in time would transform the South from a decidedly Democratic region to one that today is more often in the Republican ranks.
After Truman's bold embrace of a civil rights plank (and Strom Thurmond's Dixiecrat
revolt) in 1948, most presidential contenders before 1992 (except for Lyndon Johnson in 1964) worsened the American Dilemma either by pandering to racial animosities on the campaign trail or by ducking them.
In The Dixiecrat
Revolt and the End of the Solid South, 1932-1968, Kari Frederickson claims that the States' Rights Democratic (SRD), or Dixiecrat
, presidential campaign of 1948 "broke the Black Belt's historic allegiance to the national Democratic party" and "served as a stepping stone to the Republican Party" (p.
Before she became editor, she said the Tallahassee Democrat had "a bad reputation in the African-American community" and "was referred to as 'The Dixiecrat
That two Northern whites and a Northern black were never securely positioned in the Southern, African-American environment of Allen University was made evident by our third year there, when South Carolina's Dixiecrat
Governor Timmerman, having a new A.M.E.
Democrats lost some of the region's electoral votes to Dixiecrat
Strom Thurmond in 1948, then to Dwight Eisenhower and Richard Nixon in the next three elections.
As a renegade Democratic governor of South Carolina in 1948, Thurmond ran for president on the Dixiecrat
Party, which rejected incumbent Democrat Harry Truman's support for federal "civil rights" laws.
This occurred at the hundredth birthday party for retiring Senator Strom Thurmond, who himself carried the white-supremacy banner back in 1948, when he ran for President as the Dixiecrat
candidate, proclaiming: "All the laws of Washington and all the bayonets of the Army cannot force the Negroes into our homes, our schools, our churches."
Truman's espousal of civil-rights legislation had angered the once solid South and spawned the third-party conservative Dixiecrat
candidacy of South Carolina's youthful Gov.
It was Truman's inadequate commitment to racial discrimination that began to shatter that historic identity, creating the Dixiecrat
rebellion that would win four states in November and starting the seismic shift of a majority of pale voters in Dixie to the Republican Party by the 1990s.
Before that race, South Carolina had experienced the wrenching political changes of 1948, when Governor Strom Thurmond deserted the Democratic Party and ran for president on the "Dixiecrat
" ticket Thurmond had not gone into office as governor committed to a strong segregationist program.