In an attempt to sway Bulgaria into joining the Axis in 1940, with German "encouragement," Romania returned territory in Southern Dobruja
with its large Bulgarian population that Romania had held since 1913.
The Quadrilateral, that is the south of Dobruja
, the inter-war counties of Durostor and Caliacra, was considered, by the Bulgarians, as the cradle of "the Slavic-Bulgarian state", a significant centre in the fight of Bulgaria for independence.
The name accounts for the pattern of their development; in this area, the geological structure is very complex because the bedding floor is very old and in fact represents a remnant of the original Romanian mainland, the Dobruja
platform and the Moesian platform, which are progressively coming down from mountains to plains.
The hamster was a common species in this country inhabiting lowland and hilly areas up to 600-700 m altitude, with a range covering all parts of the country except for the mountains (Carpathians and Apuseni Mountains), Dobruja
and parts of Oltenia (Nechay et al.
During the 20th Century, the communication and interaction between the ethnic groups in Dobruja
improved and this process was helped along by the Romanian state until the Second World War.
The treaty also forced Bulgaria to return Southern Dobruja
, which had been captured during the war and restored the border set by the Treaty of Bucharest (1913).
Kaliakra was the capital of a short-lived, 14th-century principality in the Dobruja
region, which was ruled Despot Dobrotitsa.
53 is from the city of Constanta -- in Romania's Dobruja
region, on the Black Sea coast -- an area that has produced a smattering of moderate sportspeople in the past, mostly in handball and swimming.
Muslim populations--consisting mainly of Turks and Tatars--grew and consolidated into a stable community in the south-eastern part of the Romanian territory, during five centuries of Ottoman domination of the Dobruja
area, occupied by the Turks in 1420, and maintained under Ottoman domination until 1878.
The Treaty of Bucharest of 10 August 1913 confirmed Bulgaria's defeat and the loss of Macedonia to Greece and Serbia and the fertile agricultural region of southern Dobrudzha (English: Dobruja
, Romanian: Dobrodgea) to Romania.
During the war that percentage was halved, largely by the loss of the border areas of Bessarabia and northern Bukovina (to the former Soviet Union--now Moldova and a portion of southwest Ukraine) and southern Dobruja
(to Bulgaria), as well as by the postwar flight or deportation of ethnic Germans.