Thus, the squat modality may have more greatly impacted other synergistic muscles (e.g., hip abductors and adductors or ankle plantarflexors and dorsiflexors
) that have a greater influence on balance, especially on the [COP.sub.AP] (Orr et al., 2008).
However, weakness of the ankle dorsiflexors
and evertors is common, resulting in typical foot drop.
A physical therapy program comprising of 30-session electric stimulation to ankle evertors with ankle and toe dorsiflexors
and strengthening exercise was performed.
Posttetanic Potentiation of Human Dorsiflexors
. Journal of Applied Physiology.
Dean, "The strength of the ankle dorsiflexors
has a significant contribution to walking speed in people who can walk independently after stroke: an observational study," Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol.
(HHD)--MicroFET 2 was used to assess arm flexors, elbow flexors, wrist extensors, finger extensors, abductors of digitus secundus and hip flexors, knee extensors, and ankle dorsiflexors
. The result was an average score of three attempts in each muscle group .
Zhang, "Feedback-controlled and programmed stretching of the ankle plantarflexors and dorsiflexors
in stroke: effects of a 4-week intervention program," Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol.
In the present case studies, we explored the possibility that enhancing the excitability and connectivity of corticospinal pathways to the ankle dorsiflexors
through MEP operant conditioning can improve impaired locomotion due to moderately severe secondary progressive MS.
Her motor strength was normal throughout the upper and lower extremities, except for weakness in the left ankle and toe dorsiflexors
. Other examination findings were unremarkable.
Although their findings indicate that the bilateral dorsiflexors
were the only muscle group to present greater torque after the intervention, there were gains in several functional performance measurements (including gait velocity and speed of climbing and descending stairs).
Severity of spasticity was specifically chosen in the ankle muscles for study design, since standing balance control of the body is mainly under the control of ankle plantar flexors and dorsiflexors
with the base of support directly under the ankle joint.
Micheli found female professional dancers (mean age 27 years) to have strong lower extremities (quadriceps, hamstrings, dorsiflexors
, and plantar flexors) and relatively weak upper extremities (elbow flexors and extensors).