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Related to Double depression: dysthymia


A mood disorder characterized by depressive symptoms that persist for two or more years, sometimes subsiding for short periods of time. Also called persistent depressive disorder.

[New Latin dysthȳmia, from Greek dusthūmiā, despondency : dus-, dys- + -thūmiā, -thymia.]

dys·thy′mic adj.


1. (Psychiatry) the characteristics of the neurotic and introverted, including anxiety, depression, and compulsive behaviour
2. (Psychiatry) obsolete a relatively mild depression
[C19: New Latin, from Greek dusthumia, from dys- + thumos mind]
dysˈthymic adj


extreme anxiety and depression accompanied by obsession. — dysthymic, adj.
See also: Psychology
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.dysthymia - mild chronic depression; "I thought she had just been in a bad mood for thirty years, but the doctor called it dysthymia"
clinical depression, depressive disorder, depression - a state of depression and anhedonia so severe as to require clinical intervention
References in periodicals archive ?
The proposal for the introduction of a novel diagnostic category of chronic depression consisting of dysthymia, double depression, and chronic MDD (6) was considered and accepted during the development of DSM-5.
[8] These characteristics include: (a) clinical presentations associated with poor efficacy of monotherapy antidepressant treatment, such as atypical depressive symptoms, endogenous depression, chronic depression (duration of disease greater than 2 years), or 'double depression' (concurrent depressive episode and dysthymia symptoms); (b) comorbid chronic physical conditions or mental conditions such as drug dependence, anxiety disorder, and borderline personality disorder; and (c) a poor social support system resulting in insufficient management and monitoring of treatment adherence.
Diagnosis Data Major depressive episode 58 (55%) Dysthymia 18 (17%) Recurrent depressive disorder 19 (18%) Minor depression/adjustment disorder 5 (5%) Double depression 5 (5%) Table 2.