drapetomania


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drapetomania

a mania for running away.
See also: Escape, Manias
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References in periodicals archive ?
Drapetomania is a music album drawing upon acoustic, pop, and experimental stylings.
For instance, the absurd medical diagnoses of Drapetomania, "the disease causing negroes to run away," and Dysaesthesia Aethiopica, "a disease peculiar to negroes--called.
I think that drapetomania can be said to constitute a biological myth masquerading as a "biological fact," which attempted to undercut the idea that Black people fled plantations because they desired to be free.
Negro Disease" was referred to as drapetomania, a mental illness that showed "an irresistible propensity to run away.
Slaves who ran away from their masters, for instance, were diagnosed with drapetomania, a psychiatric disorder (Whitaker, 2002).
Drapetomania was a widely accepted category of mental illness that supposedly caused enslaved blacks to seek freedom.
As a result, two additional mental disorders were developed that were specific to African Americans (Jackson, 2002): drapetomania and rascality, scientifically labeled dysaethesia aethiopica.
It has pathologised masturbation, homosexuality, the domestic subjugation of women, radical politics, and even blacks running away from slavery were judged to be suffering from the illness of drapetomania.
In the example of drapetomania, dysfunction is no longer a biological or psychological concept, but a socio-cultural one.
Houve epoca, em que o desejo de fuga dos escravos era considerado enfermidade mental: a drapetomania (do grego drapetes, escravo).