These include respiratory distress syndrome, pneumothorax (abnormal collection of fluid in the pleural area), bronchopulmonary dysplasia, intraventricular and intracranial bleeding leading to post-haemorrhagic hydrocephalus, patent ductus arteriosis
(a condition that causes cardiac problems), retinopathy caused by prematurity that can lead to blindness, birth asphyxia, hypoxia and haemorrhage leading to convulsions and other neurological deficits later in life.
In an exploratory analysis, we considered seven clinical diagnostic groupings of CHDs: a) conotruncal defects (tetralogy of Fallot and transposition of great vessels); b) endocardial cushion and mitrovalve defects (EMD; endocardial cushion defect and hypoplastic left heart syndrome); c) pulmonary artery and valve defects (PAV; pulmonary valve atresia and stenosis and pulmonary artery anomalies); d) tricuspid valve defects (TVD; tricuspid valve atresia and stenosis and Ebstein's anomaly); e) aortic artery and valve defects (aortic valve stenosis and coarctation of aorta); f) ventricular septal defects (VSD); and g) patent ductus arteriosis
in births > 2,500 g (Gilboa et al.
A subsequent echocardiogram demonstrated supravalvular and peripheral pulmonic stenosis, a small patent ductus arteriosis
, and a patent foramen ovale.
Although Mohammed has been diagnosed with Patent Ductus Arteriosis
(PDA) -- a hole in the heart -- that doctors have told him is treatable, Sayed is feeling "90 per cent better and more optimistic" than last week.
On paper, obesity should be a could impact on us all tobea team operation to close a hole in her heart, or patent ductus arteriosis
(PDA), which naturally closes when a baby is in the womb.