(21) As part of an hour-long conversation, Combanaire revealed his plans for crossing the mountains separating Sarawak and Dutch Borneo
. Brooke was shocked that Combanaire intended going unaccompanied and queried Combanaire's experience with "jungle life." (22) Brooke put at Combanaire's disposal an assistant, Ismail, to help him on his way, and Combanaire spent eight days buying utensils and provisions for his trip, before heading to Lundu with a letter of introduction to the Resident (1993:31).
Dayak identities were also formed in relation to, or we might say in opposition to the development of politically conscious movements among immigrant communities, particularly the Chinese, across the former territories of British and Dutch Borneo
. Nor has the sultanate of Brunei been immune to these cultural and political processes, as 'racial' or ethnic identity and difference became embedded in the Constitution of 1959.
The initial designated target areas were the headwaters of the Baram, Limbang, and Trusan; later, the areas of operation expanded into the Padas valley of North Borneo, southwards into territories of former Dutch Borneo
, and southeastwards to cover the Upper Rejang.
The road ended at Krokong and after a short rest the evacuees and the Sarawak Volunteers set out on foot through tropical rain forest to Sanggau in Dutch Borneo
some 120 miles south-south-east.
Bodoek Concessions was set up to treat ore at Bodoek (now Buduk) and Bannie in East Kalimantan, then Dutch Borneo
. Around 1904, Benito Howe and Mr.
Kuching airfield, guarded by the Punjab Regiment, because it afforded access to Dutch Borneo
, was denied to the enemy.
Most of this information can be found in the hitherto unpublished reports that government officers escaping through Dutch Borneo
subsequently made to the provisional Sarawak administration.
Occupied Borneo was administratively partitioned into two halves, namely Kita Boruneo (Northern Borneo) that coincided with pre-war British Borneo (Sarawak, Brunei, and North Borneo) was governed by the IJA, whereas Minami Boruneo (Southern Borneo), formerly Dutch Borneo
(western and southern portion of the island) came under the control of the IJN.
Similarly immigrant, if from further afield, were the Chinese, whose "destiny" under the Brookes was as taukays from Singapore to open up pepper and coffee gardens, or as indentured and opium-addicted coolies from Dutch Borneo
to labor on them.
A great deal of the book describes their experiences with the Lun Dayeh of the Kemaloh region of what was then the Mentarang District of Japanese-occupied Dutch Borneo
. Many of these villagers had been converted to Christianity a decade earlier by Christian and Missionary Alliance missionaries Ernest Presswood (Canadian) and John Willfinger (American).
Nor is it easy to forget the horrific massacre of Sarawak officers and their wives and children by a Japanese naval party at Long Nawang in Dutch Borneo
in August 1942.
1986 Mit Blasrohr und Giftpfeilen dutch Borneo
. In: Weiglein, W.