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A mood disorder characterized by depressive symptoms that persist for two or more years, sometimes subsiding for short periods of time. Also called persistent depressive disorder.

[New Latin dysthȳmia, from Greek dusthūmiā, despondency : dus-, dys- + -thūmiā, -thymia.]

dys·thy′mic adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


1. (Psychiatry) the characteristics of the neurotic and introverted, including anxiety, depression, and compulsive behaviour
2. (Psychiatry) obsolete a relatively mild depression
[C19: New Latin, from Greek dusthumia, from dys- + thumos mind]
dysˈthymic adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


extreme anxiety and depression accompanied by obsession. — dysthymic, adj.
See also: Psychology
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.dysthymia - mild chronic depression; "I thought she had just been in a bad mood for thirty years, but the doctor called it dysthymia"
clinical depression, depressive disorder, depression - a state of depression and anhedonia so severe as to require clinical intervention
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
With regard to mood disorders (depression, dystimia), the findings are more inconsistent.
The literature has identified PTSD and the indirect measurements of secondary disorders i.e., depression and dystimia, as psychological injury of an MVA.
Thus, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and its indirect measurements i.e., comorbidity with disorders such as hypochondriasis, hysteria, depression, anxiety, dystimia (Blanchard & Hickling, 2004; Bryant & Harvey, 1995; Fuglsang, Moergeli, & Schnyder, 2004; Kessler, Sonnega, Hughes, & Nelson, 1995; Maes, Mylle, Delmiere, & Altamura, 2000; O'Donnell, Creamer, & Pattison, 2004; Stallard, Salter, & Velleman, 2004; Taylor & Koch, 1995; Vallejo-Pareja, 1998) have been admitted as evidence of psychological injury given that it has been systematically observed that this disorder is linked to having experienced, directly or indirectly, traumatic events such as sexual aggression (p.