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 (fə-năns′, fī-, fī′năns′)
1. The management of money, banking, investments, and credit.
2. finances Monetary resources: could not make the purchase because of limited finances.
3. The supplying of funds or capital.
tr.v. fi·nanced, fi·nanc·ing, fi·nanc·es
1. To provide or raise the funds or capital for: financed a new car.
2. To supply funds to: financing a daughter through law school.

[Middle English finaunce, settlement, money supply, from Old French finance, payment, from finer, to pay ransom, from fin, end, from Latin fīnis.]

fi·nance′a·ble adj.


(fɪˈnæns; ˈfaɪnæns)
1. (Banking & Finance) the system of money, credit, etc, esp with respect to government revenues and expenditures
2. (Commerce) funds or the provision of funds
3. (Commerce) (plural) funds; financial condition
4. (Banking & Finance) (tr) to provide or obtain funds, capital, or credit for
5. (Banking & Finance) (intr) to manage or secure financial resources
[C14: from Old French, from finer to end, settle by payment]


(fɪˈnæns, ˈfaɪ næns)

n., v. -nanced, -nanc•ing. n.
1. the management of revenues, esp. those affecting the public, as in the fields of banking and investment.
2. finances, the monetary resources, as of a company, individual, or government.
3. to supply with money or capital; obtain money or credit for.
4. to raise money or capital needed for financial operations.
[1350–1400; Middle English finaunce < Anglo-French, Middle French finance, derivative of finer to end, settle, pay; see fine2 to end, pay]
fi•nance′a•ble adj.


1. the acknowledgment of a bill of exchange, in writing across the back, binding the acceptor to make payment.
2. the bill so endorsed.
a statistician of an insurance company who calculates risks and premiums.
1. the exchange rate between the currencies of different nations.
2. the fee paid to effect an exchange of currency. See also agiotage.
the business of trading or speculating in foreign exchange. Also called agio.
the paying off of a debt in equal installments composed of gradually changing amounts of principal and interest.
an investment that bears a fixed return yearly, for a fixed period or for the life of the recipient.
the treasury, especially of a college. See also learning.
cambistry. — cambist, n.
1. a dealer in bills of exchange.
2. a handbook listing the exchange values of moneys and the weights and measures of many countries.
the branch of economics that studies commercial exchange, especially international money values. Also cambism.
an interest-bearing bond, often issued by corporations, usually unsecured but sometimes with a preferred status over other obligations of the issuer.
1.the condition of being in arrears in payment of a debt.
2. the condition of a debt when overdue. See also law.
1. the state, quality, or condition of being an entrepreneur, an organizer or promoter of business ventures.
2. the duration of a person’s function as an entrepreneur.
one who holds in trust; a trustee or depositary. See also theology.
1. the process of pledging property as security for a debt.
2. a claim made against property so pledged. — hypothecator, n. — hypothecary, adj.
1. the giving of property, usually real property, as security to a creditor for payment of a debt.
2. the deed pledging the security.
1. an annuity, or loan, based on a group of annuities that are shared among several people with the provision that as each person dies his share is spread among those remaining, and the entire amount accrues to the survivor of them all.
2. the members of the group collectively.
3. each member’s total share or annuity. — tontine, adj.
1. the lending of money at excessive interest rates, especially rates above legal limits.
2. the excessive interest rate charged. — usurer, n. — usurious, adj.
language typical of that used on Wall Street and in the financial markets, characterized by use of technical financial terms and arcane stock-market jargon.




feel the draught See feel a draft, PERCEPTIVENESS.

feel the pinch To sense one’s precarious financial position; to be in a tight spot. In this expression, pinch carries its figurative meaning of an internal twinge of emotional discomfort. The expression most often refers to an economic situation which warrants austerity measures.

grubstake Money advanced in exchange for a share in a venture’s expected return. The term, dating from at least 1863, originally referred to money “staked” to prospectors for “grub” and other provisions in return for a part of the profits from their finds.

The farmer realizes the … plight of the out-of-work who … is left without a grubstake between himself and hunger. (The Atlantic Monthly, March, 1932)

in the black Making a profit; out of debt. This Americanism is so called from the bookkeeping practice of entering profits in black ink. It is synonymous with out of the red.

This time she appeared at the Italian Village, and within two weeks she had pulled it out of the red ink and into the black. (American Mercury, July, 1935)

on a shoestring Dependent upon a very small sum of money; relying on a meager amount of money as capital in a working investment. This colloquial meaning of shoestring has been common in the U.S. since the early part of the century, though precisely how it acquired this sense is unclear. Perhaps shoestring was equivalent to “the cost of a shoestring.”

They accomplished their elegance on a shoestring, too. (Ward County [North Dakota] Independent, July, 1944)

play the papers To gamble. This obsolete Americanism was current in the 19th century.

Poor Kit was in a bad way one hour before we parted. The fact is, you know, he’d bin playin’ the papers (meaning gamblin’) and had lost everything. (De Witt C. Peters, The Life and Adventures of Kit Carson, 1858)

A similar expression with specific reference to horse racing is play the ponies.

prime the pump To attempt to rejuvenate an enterprise by channeling money into it; to try to maintain or stimulate economic activity through government expenditure. A pump is primed or prepared for use by pouring water into it to produce suction. The expression was used figuratively by T. W. Arnold, as cited in Webster’s Third:

This spending has not yet primed the pump.

salt away To save or hold in reserve money or other valuables for future use; to build a nest egg. The figurative meaning of this expression is derived from its literal one, i.e., preserving meat or other perishables by adding salt.

[There is] no one to hinder you from salting away as many millions as you can carry off! (R. W. Chambers, Maids of Paradise, 1902)

sock away To set aside money in a savings account; to save or put money in reserve. This American expression implies that the money is being stowed away for some future investment. It may derive from the days when socks were a common storage receptacle for one’s savings. The phrase appeared in Life, as cited by Webster’s Third:

(He) has socked away very little of his earnings with which to buy a ranch.


Past participle: financed
Gerund: financing

I finance
you finance
he/she/it finances
we finance
you finance
they finance
I financed
you financed
he/she/it financed
we financed
you financed
they financed
Present Continuous
I am financing
you are financing
he/she/it is financing
we are financing
you are financing
they are financing
Present Perfect
I have financed
you have financed
he/she/it has financed
we have financed
you have financed
they have financed
Past Continuous
I was financing
you were financing
he/she/it was financing
we were financing
you were financing
they were financing
Past Perfect
I had financed
you had financed
he/she/it had financed
we had financed
you had financed
they had financed
I will finance
you will finance
he/she/it will finance
we will finance
you will finance
they will finance
Future Perfect
I will have financed
you will have financed
he/she/it will have financed
we will have financed
you will have financed
they will have financed
Future Continuous
I will be financing
you will be financing
he/she/it will be financing
we will be financing
you will be financing
they will be financing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been financing
you have been financing
he/she/it has been financing
we have been financing
you have been financing
they have been financing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been financing
you will have been financing
he/she/it will have been financing
we will have been financing
you will have been financing
they will have been financing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been financing
you had been financing
he/she/it had been financing
we had been financing
you had been financing
they had been financing
I would finance
you would finance
he/she/it would finance
we would finance
you would finance
they would finance
Past Conditional
I would have financed
you would have financed
he/she/it would have financed
we would have financed
you would have financed
they would have financed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend: - the commercial activity of providing funds and capitalfinance - the commercial activity of providing funds and capital
business enterprise, commercial enterprise, business - the activity of providing goods and services involving financial and commercial and industrial aspects; "computers are now widely used in business"
corporate finance - the financial activities of corporation
financing, funding - the act of financing
high finance - large and complex financial transactions (often used with the implication that those individuals or institutions who engage in them are unethical)
investing, investment - the act of investing; laying out money or capital in an enterprise with the expectation of profit
floatation, flotation - financing a commercial enterprise by bond or stock shares
banking - transacting business with a bank; depositing or withdrawing funds or requesting a loan etc. - the branch of economics that studies the management of money and other assets
finance - the management of money and credit and banking and investments
economic science, economics, political economy - the branch of social science that deals with the production and distribution and consumption of goods and services and their management
quaestor - any of several public officials of ancient Rome (usually in charge of finance and administration)
capital account - (finance) an account of the net value of a business at a specified date
accumulation - (finance) profits that are not paid out as dividends but are added to the capital base of the corporation
long - holding securities or commodities in expectation of a rise in prices; "is long on coffee"; "a long position in gold"
short - not holding securities or commodities that one sells in expectation of a fall in prices; "a short sale"; "short in cotton"
short - without possessing something at the time it is contractually sold; "he made his fortune by selling short just before the crash" - the management of money and credit and banking and investments
banking - engaging in the business of keeping money for savings and checking accounts or for exchange or for issuing loans and credit etc.
management, direction - the act of managing something; "he was given overall management of the program"; "is the direction of the economy a function of government?"
finance - the branch of economics that studies the management of money and other assets - obtain or provide money for; "Can we finance the addition to our home?"
seed - help (an enterprise) in its early stages of development by providing seed money
back - support financial backing for; "back this enterprise"
refinance - renew the financing of
fund - convert (short-term floating debt) into long-term debt that bears fixed interest and is represented by bonds
pay - give money, usually in exchange for goods or services; "I paid four dollars for this sandwich"; "Pay the waitress, please" - sell or provide on credit
credit - accounting: enter as credit; "We credit your account with $100"


1. fund, back, support, pay for, guarantee, float, invest in, underwrite, endow, subsidize, bankroll (U.S.), set up in business, provide security for, provide money for new taxes to finance increased military expenditure
1. funds, backing, money, capital, cash, resources, assets, sponsorship, wonga (slang) businesses seeking finance
2. economics, business, money, banking, accounts, investment, commerce, financial affairs, money management a major player in the world of high finance


The monetary resources of a government, organization, or individual.Used in plural:
capital, fund (used in plural), money (often used in plural).
To supply capital to or for:
Informal: bankroll.
Idiom: put up money for.
مالماليَّه، تَمْويلموارِد ماليَّهيُمَوِّليُـمَوِّلُ
financefinancovatpeněžní prostředky
자금자금을 공급하다
finansesfinanses, naudas apgrozījums/līdzekļifinansētfinansu zinātnes
financiepeňažné prostriedky
denarna sredstvadenarne zadevedenarno podpretifinancefinančno stanje
finanse etmekmalî durummali işlermaliyepara durumu
tài chínhtài trợ


A. N (gen) → finanzas fpl, asuntos mpl financieros; (= funds) (also finances) → fondos mpl
(the state of) the country's financesla situación económica del país
Minister of FinanceMinistro/a m/f de Economía y Hacienda
B. VT [+ project] → financiar
he stole to finance his drug habitrobaba para costearse su adicción a las drogas
C. CPD [company] → financiero; [page, section] → de economía, de negocios
finance director Ndirector(a) m/f financiero/a


[ˈfaɪnæns fɪˈnæns]
(= funds) (for project)financement m
to provide finance for sth → financer qch
(= money) → finances fpl
(= financial affairs) → finance f finances
(personal)finances fpl
(public)finances fpl
public finances → les finances publiques
vtfinancerfinance company ncompagnie f financière


Finanzen pl, → Finanz- or Geldwesen nt; high financeHochfinanz f; to study finance (academically) → Finanzwissenschaft studieren; (as training) → eine Finanzfachschule besuchen
(= money)Geld nt, → (Geld)mittel pl; it’s a question of financedas ist eine Geldfrage or Frage der Finanzen; financesFinanzen pl, → Finanz- or Einkommenslage f; his finances aren’t soundseine Finanzlage ist nicht gesund, seine Finanzen stehen nicht gut


finance company
nFinanz(ierungs)gesellschaft f
finance director
nLeiter(in) m(f)der Finanzabteilung
finance plan
nFinanzierungsplan m


1. n
a. (money management) → finanza; (funds) → fondi mpl, capitale m
Minister of Finance → Ministro delle Finanze
b. (resources) finances nplfinanze fpl
2. vtfinanziare
3. adj (page, section, company) → finanziario/a


(faiˈnӕns) noun
1. (the study or management of) money affairs. He is an expert in finance.
2. (often in plural) the money one has to spend. The government is worried about the state of the country's finances.
to give money for (a plan, business etc). Will the company finance your trip abroad?
fiˈnancial (-ʃəl) adjective
concerning money. financial affairs.
fiˈnancially adverb
fiˈnancier (-siə) , ((American) fainanˈsiər) noun
a person who manages large sums of money.


مال, يُـمَوِّلُ finance, financovat finansiere, finansiering Finanzen, finanzieren χρηματοδότηση, χρηματοδοτώ financiación, financiar, finanzas raha-asiat, rahoittaa finance, financer financije, financirati finanza, finanziare 財務, 資金を調達する 자금, 자금을 공급하다 financiën, financieren finansiere, økonomi finanse, sfinansować finança, financiamento, financiar финансировать, финансы finansiera, finansiering การเงิน, จัดหาเงินทุนให้ finans, finanse etmek tài chính, tài trợ 筹措资金, 财政
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